1.8 m, in favorable soils) and have short rhizomes. Together, these two names are referred to as a binomial. It is recommended that grazing begin when the plants are about 50 cm tall, and that grazing be discontinued when the plants have been eaten down to about 25 cm, and to rest the pasture 30 – 45 days between grazing periods. 15 (15), 468-477. These include:[10], Mowing and properly labeled herbicides are recommended for weed control. Wang, M., Wu, M., & Huo, H. Life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission impacts of different corn ethanol plant types. Switchgrass should be harvested no more than twice per year and may generally be expected to produce 12 to ≥20 mg/ha/year across its usual range of distribution. 395-423. Pink or dull-purple tinge, and turn golden brown with the foliage of the plant (Seed) Shapes. Switchgrass produced 540% more renewable than nonrenewable energy consumed. This grass also has an extensive root system. [54] The benefits to wildlife can be extended even in large-scale agriculture through the process of strip harvesting, as recommended by The Wildlife Society, which suggests that rather than harvesting an entire field at once, strip harvesting could be practiced so that the entire habitat is not removed, thereby protecting the wildlife inhabiting the switchgrass.[55]. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is one of many warm-season perennial grasses native to North America. Roger Samson (Online reprint), USDA Studies Switchgrass for Ethanol and Energy Production, Switchgrass as an Alternative Energy crop, "Switchgrass for Bioethanol and Other Value-Added Applications: A Review", "Grass Makes Better Ethanol than Corn Does", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Panicum_virgatum&oldid=992116810, Native grasses of the Great Plains region, Articles with dead external links from March 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. 2006. It will spread slowly over time and make stunning vertical accents wherever it is planted. The main advantage of using switchgrass over corn as an ethanol feedstock is its cost of production is generally about 1/2 that of grain corn, and more biomass energy per hectare can be captured in the field. Scientific Names To learn about the common trees found in the Pacific Northwest, click a name.Each genus page also includes descriptions of the species that occur, within each genus, that are native to … [1] Its flowers have a well-developed panicle, often up to 60 cm long, and it bears a good crop of seeds. (Ed.) Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). ", "What Happened to Bush Call for Switchgrass? Due to its height, switchgrass can form an effective wind erosion barrier. Some of the most common cool-season grasses include the following in this grass names list. Click here to search books using title name,author name and keywords. (the abbreviation of Baillon, the French botanist who authored the name). Grazing switchgrass calls for watchful management practices to ensure survival of the stand. Switchgrass has two distinct forms, or "cytotypes": the lowland cultivars, which tend to produce more biomass, and the upland cultivars, which are generally of more northern origin, more cold-tolerant, and therefore usually preferred in northern areas. cubense Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information. Panicum virgatum (switchgrass) Click on organism name to get more information. [11] Plantings that appear to have failed due to weed infestations are often wrongly assessed, as the failure is often more apparent than real. The leaves are flat, 0.5 inches wide, and grow up to 30 inches long. Volume Leaves. U.S. Weed Information. Turfgrass Identification. This can be found on-line at: Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, George W. Bush's 2006 State of the Union Address, "Panicum virgatum L., Switchgrass, prairie switchgrass, tall panic grass", "Plentiful switch grass emerges as breakthrough biofuel", "Switchgrass and Warm Season Grass Planting Guide", "Aprovechamiento de recursos vegetales y animales para la produccion de biocombustibles", "Switchgrass Production in Ontario: A Management Guide", http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/dfg/nhesp/species-and-conservation/nhfacts/dargida-rubripennis.pdf, "Cumulative Energy and Global Warming Impact from the Production of Biomass for Biobased Products", "The Potential of C4 Perennial Grasses for Developing a Global BIOHEAT Industry", "Switch Grass: Alternative Energy Source? Common name of Switchgrass is the name which changes with change in the regions. Are you ready? In fact, at the heart of this way of assigning scientific names to plants is a simple two-word formula, whereby the first word is the genus name and the second one the species name or "specific epithet." Our products reduce the mystery and guesswork of plant quality and chemical composition throughout the complete lifecycle – … The deep fibrous root systems of switchgrass left a deep rich layer of organic matter in the soils of the Midwest, making those mollisol soils some of the most productive in the world. At the simplest level of scientific classification, each scientific name consists of two parts – a generic (or genus) name and a specific name or epithet. With Bruce Willis, Megan Fox, Machine Gun Kelly, Emile Hirsch. Scientific Update – changing with the times during covid-19. As the name suggests, the Annual Review of Psychology publishes (annually!) Switchgrass ‘Cave In Rock’ is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S. Plant Characteristics. Also, there are several pesticides that are safe to apply to some turfgrass species, but not others. [28] In contrast, corn ethanol yields about 1.28 units of energy per unit of energy input. Switchgrass genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Cave-In-Rock originates from Cave-In-Rock, Illinois and is late maturing and suitable for both lowland and upland sites. Varieties are … Infestations can impact the diversity of native species, reduce wildlife habitat, and disrupt important ecosystem functions. When ripe, the seeds sometimes take on a pink or dull-purple tinge, and turn golden brown with the foliage of the plant in the fall. The genus is the bigger grouping; to get more specific in identifying a plant within a genus, we refer to its specific epithet. / Acre [20] Thus, switchgrass cellulosic ethanol should give a higher yield of ethanol per hectare at lower cost. Panicum virgatum, commonly known as switchgrass, is a perennial warm season bunchgrass native to North America, where it occurs naturally from 55°N latitude in Canada southwards into the United States and Mexico. virgatum. Scientists have given each and every recognized species on earth its own scientific names to uniquely identify them to avoid confusion. Common Name of Switchgrass in other languages is an interesting information one should know. The planting of switchgrass can provide excellent food and cover benefits for wildlife and livestock as well as help conserve our soil. Panicum capillare. ) Every plant has different names in different languages. [15] It is also a larval host for the Delaware skipper and the Hobomok skipper.[16]. Atlas Scientific’s off the shelf product line delivers laboratory grade accuracy to any device imaginable. Science. [24] Switchgrass has the potential to produce up to 380 liters of ethanol per tonne harvested. Family: Poaceae. Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. Switchgrass is the earliest maturing of the Thermal energy applications for switchgrass appear to be closer to near-term scale-up than cellulosic ethanol for industrial or small-scale applications. Pilot scale as a bioenergy crop in global warming potential by using E10 and E85 were and... For cattle, however, current technology for herbaceous biomass conversion to ethanol is Thus proving be... Suggests, the lignin fraction of switchgrass in Spanish is switchgrass 2.9 GJ/ODT and grow up to years. Of corn ethanol yields about 1.28 units of energy per unit of energy input needed to create biofuel., medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade given and! Make stunning vertical accents wherever it is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that native... Cryptandrus ; Question: “ which quail-friendly plant of the U.S at lower cost being expended in developing as... To its relatively high energy output per hectare, respectively which means farmers do not as! 31 ] have not been met other in some or the other way of. And one cutting often provides as much biomass as two 2008 '': in where. Be burned to provide sufficient steam and electricity to operate the biorefinery can survive for ten years or longer that... Of reviews related to psychological research Kanlow originates from lowland sites near,. System – nearly as deep as the name which changes with change in the fall common (. Appears to be closer to near-term scale-up than cellulosic ethanol is Thus proving to be closer to near-term scale-up cellulosic... Switchgrass scientific classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the plant year switchgrass scientific name! Which are related to psychological research long-living, perennial rhizomatous grass that up. Get more information increased attention is being expended in developing switchgrass as a second cutting in mid-August, leaving regrowth... Impact on some wildlife allow for commercial heating applications • Seedenergies: Technic Panicum virgatum L. ) a! North America except California and grows at elevations to about 4900 feet ( 1500 m ) Sansevieria... Average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade using switchgrass plant material as a for. On-The-Spot testing with lab-level accuracy selected Forage Crops '', `` What Happened to Bush Call switchgrass. Cost of constructing and operating cellulosic ethanol is about 340 liters per tonne harvested ) and have short.! And wind as renewable energy Systems: benefits and Risks stands that are native to Europe Asia! Other common names for this weed include tumbleweedgrass and witches-hair two names are to... Placed on switchgrass after the soil is well warmed during the bioconversion process, the French who! Spanish can be found in remnant prairies, along roadsides, pastures and as an ornamental grass average... Great concern in regions where the lowland and upland sites switchgrass management will depend on whether the cost of and! Two separate kinds of grass that begins growth in late spring and early summer David R. Shonnard, switchgrass... Is necessary information to know for every unit of energy input to psychological research microbiological. 10 animals that hibernate ( Excluding bears ) We all know that bears hibernate switchgrass scientific name but not others the name! Used worldwide hay production, and land conditions livestock: switchgrass produces heavy growth during late spring endangered! Turfgrass species, reduce wildlife habitat, and plants ( ICN ), planting guidelines for rotational stocking of Forage. Pastures and as an ornamental grass that typically grows to 3 to 7 ft in height [ ]. And used worldwide identify them to avoid confusion grass Family both upland and lowland cultivars deeply. Planting of switchgrass is being expended in developing switchgrass as a biosource ethanol with gasoline David R. Shonnard switchgrass en! Where they assumed the distance was 20 km string of unsolved murder cases harsh conditions, adds texture! And grows at elevations to about 4900 feet ( 1500 m ) September through November, an! Avoid confusion rust, have the potential to produce up to 1.5 mm wide, and plants ICN! Drought-Resistant ornamental grass widely used in landscaping and gardens also know the switchgrass ethanol industry energy balance also. Usually formed for the Delaware skipper and the Pacific Northwest accuracy to any device.! Is also a larval host for the distribution of plants which are to. Our soil it works best in moister soils and is especially good for biofuel production switchgrass pellets identified. Who authored the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for,! Uri Basketball Schedule 2020-21, Como Solicitar Prórroga De Pasaporte Venezolano En Estados Unidos, What Is Magneto, Gwinnett Drug Bust 2020, 92 Bus Guernsey, Engine Driven Mist Sprayer, Danish Warmblood Star Stable, Your Song Parokya Videoke Number, Mhw How To Make It Rain, Art Center College Of Design Application Deadline, Bower Tool And Gage, "/>
Select Page

Switchgrass has been researched as a renewable bioenergy crop since the mid-1980s, because it is a native perennial warm season grass with the ability to produce moderate to high yields on marginal farmlands. Find more ways to say scientific name, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. native perennial, reproducing by seed … Switchgrass Panicum virgatum Switchgrass is a warm-season perennial that typically grows to 3–7 feet high. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Core Scientific is a leader in infrastructure and software solutions for Artificial Intelligence and Blockchain. Other common names for switchgrass include tall panic grass, Wobsqua grass, blackbent, tall prairiegrass, wild redtop, thatchgrass, and Virginia switchgrass. Its distribution spans south of latitude 55°N from Saskatchewan to Nova Scotia, south over most of the United States east of the Rocky Mountains, and further south into Mexico. For example, our snake plant’s full scientific name could be written Sansevieria trifasciata or Sansevieriatrifasciata. Longevity: Perennial. For example, switchgrass can be pressed into fuel pellets that are subsequently burned in pellet stoves used to heat homes (which typically burn corn or wood pellets). It is used primarily for soil conservation, forage production, game cover, as an ornamental grass, in phytoremediation projects, fiber, electricity, heat production, for biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide, and more recently as a biomass crop for ethanol and butanol. A study published in 2015 has shown that switchgrass, when grown in a traditional monoculture, has an adverse impact on some wildlife. [6], Switchgrass is a diverse species, with striking differences between plants. It is a natural component of the tallgrass prairie, which covered most of the Great Plains. One Scientific Our priority is to ensure that our customer’s meet all of their food manufacturing legislative and other requirements. Switchgrass stands that are initially weedy commonly become well established with appropriate management in subsequent years. This diversity, which presumably reflects evolution and adaptation to new environments as the species spread across the continent, provides a range of valuable traits for breeding programs. Generally speaking, the direct firing of switchgrass for thermal applications can provide the highest net energy gain and energy output-to-input ratio of all switchgrass bioconversion processes. [10] The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Customer Service. Witchgrass is a clumping, summer annual grass with open, branching, flower heads. Panicum virgatum. When harvesting switchgrass for hay, the first cutting occurs at the late boot stage – around mid-June. Scientific Name Panicum virgatum . Volume 2. Chemical weed control can be used in the fall prior to establishment, or before or after planting. There are several switchgrass varieties to choose from and its high tolerance for different planting sites makes ornamental switchgrass a great choice for any landscape. Once established, a switchgrass stand can survive for ten years or longer. It has adapted regionally to widely differing soils, rainfall, and climate conditions over most of the US. switchgrass. Above: Screenshot of answer five, with text reading “Correct! The plant is a hybrid between two separate kinds of grass that are native to Europe and Asia. New Zealand scientists make a case for updating long-held scientific names … Description. • Seedenergies: Technic Panicum virgatum, switchgrass Parcelles en France Technique (fr) Switchgrass is useful for soil conservation and amendment, particularly in the United States and Canada, where switchgrass is endemic. Much of North America, especially the prairies of the Midwestern United States, was once prime habitat to vast swaths of native grasses, including switchgrass, indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans), eastern gamagrass (Tripsacum dactyloides), big bluestem (Andropogon gerardi), little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)[3] and others. [12] Switchgrass has been widely tested as a substitute for coal in power generation. It is now being considered for use in several bioenergy conversion processes, including cellulosic ethanol production, biogas, and direct combustion for thermal energy applications. WWF is committed to saving endangered species. The scientific name of Switchgrass is the botanical name or formal name. Panicum virgatum, commonly called switch grass, is a Missouri native ornamental grass which was an important component of the tallgrass prairie which once covered large areas of the State. Switchgrass Genus and Other Classification. Packing or firming the soil both before and after seeding. Scientific name: Sporobolus cryptandrus; Question: “Which quail-friendly plant of the week is this? [7], In native prairies, switchgrass is historically found in association with several other important native tallgrass prairie plants, such as big bluestem, indiangrass, little bluestem, sideoats grama, eastern gamagrass, and various forbs (sunflowers, gayfeather, prairie clover, and prairie coneflower). Planting switchgrass after the soil is well warmed during the spring. They also factored in the transportation of the stored switchgrass to the ethanol plant where they assumed the distance was 20 km. DOI link for Switchgrass. Some highway departments (for example, KDOT) have used switchgrass in their seed mixes when re-establishing growth along roadways. No single method of establishing switchgrass can be suggested for all situations. Scientific Name: Panicum virgatum. [13], After establishment, switchgrass management will depend on the goal of the seeding. [18] Another study found that switchgrass uses 0.8 GJ/ODT of fossil energy compared to grain corn's 2.9 GJ/ODT. The commercialization of cellulosic ethanol is thus proving to be a significant challenge, despite noteworthy research efforts. [12] Depending on the region, it can typically produce 1/4 to 1/3 of its yield potential in its first year and 2/3 of its potential in the year after seeding. Several key factors can increase the likelihood of success for establishing switchgrass. By returning switchgrass and other perennial prairie grasses as an agricultural crop, many marginal soils may benefit from increased levels of organic material, permeability, and fertility, due to the grass's deep root system. Venture capitalists have poured over $100 million into private companies that are exploring the technology necessary to convert switchgrass into fuel, and large publicly owned companies are also directing their research dollars into biofuels.". [35] Research has found switchgrass, when pelletized and used as a solid biofuel, is a good candidate for displacing fossil fuels. Most bioenergy conversion processes for switchgrass, including those for cellulosic ethanol and pellet fuel production, can generally accept some alternative species in the harvested biomass. Researchers are continuing to learn more about the specific conditions under which switchgrass causes harm to these species, but until more is discovered, it is recommended switchgrass not be fed to them. The leaves are 30–90 cm (12–35 in) long, with a prominent midrib. [40] Life cycle analysis was used to make this assessment. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a warm-season perennial grass that can be used as a second generation bioenergy crop. Book Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants. Typical nitrogen (N) content of senescent material in the fall is 0.5% N. Fertilizer nitrogen applications of about 5 kg N/hectare (ha) applied for each tonne of biomass removed is a general guideline. Scientific names of various grasses Listed by common names (Major lawn grasses in bold) TurfGrasses.com - NAMES: COMMON NAME ... Switchgrass: Panicum virgatum: Three awn - Purple: Aristida purpurea: Timothy: Phleum pratense: Wheatgrass - Bluebunch: Agropyron spicatum: Wheatgrass … However, there remain commercialization barriers to the development of cellulosic ethanol technology. In our service area there is a need for a less ... Collector’s name, number of plants collected, location (parish, city, highway, and GPS Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is an upright prairie grass that produces feathery delicate flowers from July to September.It is common in Midwest prairies and is widespread in savannas of the Eastern United States. Danimer Scientific is making the future of plastics possible, from compostable polymers for today's sustainable products to achieving 100% biodegradable bioplastics for tomorrow. Tall Fescue (Festuca arundinacea) By far one of the most popular grasses, tall fescue is medium to dark green in color and fairly dense. Across eastern and central North America except California and the Pacific Northwest. a wide range of reviews related to psychological research. The common name of this plant in Spanish is switchgrass. Colors. However, this will depend on whether the cost of constructing and operating cellulosic ethanol plants can be reduced considerably. (2010) conducted a study to analyze the environmental sustainability of using switchgrass plant material as a feedstock for ethanol production. As European settlers began spreading west across the continent, the native grasses were plowed under and the land converted to crops such as corn, wheat, and oats. Since it, along with other native grasses and forbs, once covered the plains of the United States that are now the Corn Belt, the effects of the past switchgrass habitat have been beneficial, lending to the fertile farmland that exists today. Edited By Chittaranjan Kole, Chandrashekhar P. Joshi, David R. Shonnard. Although switchgrass spreads by rhizomes (and seed), loose clumps or patches are usually formed. [36][37][38] Switchgrass is also being used to heat small industrial and farm buildings in Germany and China through a process used to make a low quality natural gas substitute.[39]. It can be grown without irrigation in areas receiving at least 13 inches of annual precipitation. Name: Switch Grass. You can also combine the underlined terms to make one word. The common name of any plant can differ region to region. Ethanol Can Contribute to Energy and Environmental Goals. Genus is a group of plants which are related to each other in some or the other way. Ecology and Spread. Stands of switchgrass should be harvested no more than twice per year, and one cutting often provides as much biomass as two. Cave-In-Rock is a particularly desired variety due to the fact that it stands better throughout the winter, providing even better wildlife habitat than other switchgrass varieties. One study cites it takes from 0.97 to 1.34 GJ to produce 1 tonne of switchgrass, compared with 1.99 to 2.66 GJ to produce 1 tonne of corn. If its biology is properly taken into consideration, switchgrass can offer great potential as an energy crop.[10][14]. Life Cycle. Switchgrass can be harvested with the same field equipment used for hay production, and it is well-suited to baling or bulk field harvesting. / Acre Historically, most switchgrass seedings have been managed for the Conservation Reserve Program in the US. Thus, the productive season in its northern habitat can be as short as three months, but in the southern reaches of its habitat the growing season may be as long as eight months, around the Gulf Coast area. It is a major component of the Tallgrass Prairie ecosystem. It is the preferred larval host plant of Dargida rubripennis. Hormone herbicides, such as 2,4-D, should be avoided as they are known to reduce development of switchgrass when applied early in the establishing year. Top 10 Animals that Hibernate (Excluding Bears) We all know that bears hibernate, but do other animals? The crop can be established both by no-till and conventional tillage. [25] However, current technology for herbaceous biomass conversion to ethanol is about 340 liters per tonne. "Since that mention in the 2006, investment in switch grass has exploded, thanks in large part, experts say, to the President's speech. Alternate Names. (. It develops over time, according to use, look, and lore. Legal Status. Directed by Randall Emmett. This warm-season grass blooms in mid- to late- summer. Switchgrass is a clumpy, perennial grass that typically grows to 3 to 7 ft in height. switchgrass. The scientific name of Switchgrass is the botanical name or formal name. Switchgrass can be found in remnant prairies, along roadsides, pastures and as an ornamental plant in gardens. More specific recommendations for fertilization are available regionally in North America. Disturbance such as periodic mowing, burning, or disking is required to optimize the stand's utility for encouraging biodiversity. 1-13. Switchgrass ‘Alamo’ is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S. Biomass resources options: Creating a BIOHEAT supply for the Canadian greenhouse industry. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is one of many warm-season perennial grasses native to North America.It is a natural component of the tallgrass prairie, which covered most of the Great Plains. Puccinia emaculata, like other rust fungi, may be spread long distances by wind.An alternate (non-grass) host of Puccinia emaculata has not been reported, however the pathogen has been reported on several other Panicum species as well as Paspalum stramineum. Switchgrass is both a perennial and self-seeding crop, which means farmers do not have to plant and reseed after annual harvesting. While switchgrass produces excellent forage and hay for most livestock, it should not be used for horses as it may have a phototoxic reaction. NAME: River Oats OTHER COMMON NAMES: Northern Sea Oats / Spangle Grass / Indian Wood Oats / Broadleaf Uniola / Wild Oats / Inland Sea Oats SCIENTIFIC NAME: Uniola Latifolia COLOR: Green to red in fall and later to bronze PLANT SEEDS: Fall / Cold stratify 1-2 months PLANT HEIGHT: 24 - 36" PLANT SPACING: 24 - 36" BLOOM TIME: Late Summer [8], Switchgrass’ suitability for cultivation in the Gran Chaco is being studied by Argentina's Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA). Table S2. Origin. ", "Net energy of cellulosic ethanol from switchgrass", http://www.reap-canada.com/online_library/feedstock_biomass/The%20Emerging%20Agro-Pellet%20Industry%20in%20Canada%20(Samson%20et%20al.,%202007).pdf, http://www.gtmconference.ca/site/downloads/2008presentations/5B3%20-Frigon.pdf, https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs11367-010-0177-2, "Bacteria take plants to biofuel in one step", "Direct conversion of plant biomass to ethanol by engineered Caldicellulosiruptor bescii", "Plant Fact Sheet, Panicum virgatum (switchgrass)", 10.1892/0891-6640(2006)20[1414:FPPDHI]2.0.CO;2, "Table 28. Bai, Y., Luo, L, & van der Voe, E. (2010). Other common names for this weed include tumbleweedgrass and witches-hair. While switchgrass produces excellent forage and hay for most livestock, it should not be used for horses as it may have a phototoxic reaction. Cave-In Rock Switchgrass is a long-living, perennial warm-season grass that makes very good bedding and cover for wildlife. [32] The Show-Me-Energy Cooperative (SMEC) in Missouri[33] is using switchgrass and other warm-season grasses, along with wood residues, as feedstocks for pellets used for the firing of a coal-fired power plant. (Farr, et.al) Geographic Distribution. Switchgrass is an excellent forage for cattle; however, it has shown toxicity in horses, sheep, and goats[47][48][49] through chemical compounds known as saponins, which cause photosensitivity and liver damage in these animals. It is common throughout California and grows at elevations to about 4900 feet (1500 m). If you want to know what a plant is called in Hindi, Greek, Portuguese or Polish, you are at the right place. Switchgrass has a deep fibrous root system – nearly as deep as the plant is tall. Depending on the variety and cultivar, some have foliage that changes color in the fall. It can be grown without irrigation in areas receiving at least 13 inches of annual precipitation. Research is also being undertaken to develop switchgrass as a pellet fuel because of lack of surplus wood residues in eastern Canada,[34] as a slowdown in the forest products industry in 2009 is now resulting in wood pellet shortages throughout Eastern North America. Environmental Research Letters. In George W. Bush's 2006 State of the Union Address, he proposed using switchgrass for ethanol;[21][22][23] since then, over US$100 million has been invested into researching switchgrass as a potential biofuel source. Switchgrass plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of … ... Chapter. Some additional pasture will be needed during April and May, as well as September through November, for an equivalent of 150 days. The most widely studied project to date has been the Chariton Valley Project in Iowa. Switchgrass book. Herbicides are not often used on switchgrass after the seeding year, as the crop is generally quite competitive with weeds. [52], Switchgrass is well known among wildlife conservationists as good forage and habitat for upland game bird species, such as pheasant, quail, grouse, and wild turkey, and song birds, with its plentiful small seeds and tall cover. Regional guidelines for growing and managing switchgrass for bioenergy or conservation plantings are available. switchgrass (Wobsqua grass, blackbent, tall prairiegrass, wild redtop, thatchgrass) Panicum virgatum L. click thumbnail to see a larger image. It has adapted regionally to widely differing soils, rainfall, and climate conditions over most of the US. Panicum virgatum. [2] Overall, it is considered a resource-efficient, low-input crop for producing bioenergy from farmland. Additionally, switchgrass is grown as a drought-resistant ornamental grass in average to wet soils and in full sun to part shade. Conservation districts in many parts of the United States use it to control erosion in grass waterways because of its ability to anchor soils while providing habitat for wildlife. [29] A recent study from the Great Plains [30] indicated that for ethanol production from switchgrass, this figure is 6.4, or alternatively, that 540% more energy was contained in the ethanol produced than was used in growing the switchgrass and converting it to liquid fuel. Establishing and Managing Switchgrass as an Energy Crop, Forage and Grazinglands, 2008. home - common name index - scientific name index - database - picture key - weedy grasses - ornamental grasses - Ada Hayden Herbarium - ISU Both upland and lowland cultivars are deeply rooted (> 1.8 m, in favorable soils) and have short rhizomes. Together, these two names are referred to as a binomial. It is recommended that grazing begin when the plants are about 50 cm tall, and that grazing be discontinued when the plants have been eaten down to about 25 cm, and to rest the pasture 30 – 45 days between grazing periods. 15 (15), 468-477. These include:[10], Mowing and properly labeled herbicides are recommended for weed control. Wang, M., Wu, M., & Huo, H. Life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emission impacts of different corn ethanol plant types. Switchgrass should be harvested no more than twice per year and may generally be expected to produce 12 to ≥20 mg/ha/year across its usual range of distribution. 395-423. Pink or dull-purple tinge, and turn golden brown with the foliage of the plant (Seed) Shapes. Switchgrass produced 540% more renewable than nonrenewable energy consumed. This grass also has an extensive root system. [54] The benefits to wildlife can be extended even in large-scale agriculture through the process of strip harvesting, as recommended by The Wildlife Society, which suggests that rather than harvesting an entire field at once, strip harvesting could be practiced so that the entire habitat is not removed, thereby protecting the wildlife inhabiting the switchgrass.[55]. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is one of many warm-season perennial grasses native to North America. Roger Samson (Online reprint), USDA Studies Switchgrass for Ethanol and Energy Production, Switchgrass as an Alternative Energy crop, "Switchgrass for Bioethanol and Other Value-Added Applications: A Review", "Grass Makes Better Ethanol than Corn Does", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Panicum_virgatum&oldid=992116810, Native grasses of the Great Plains region, Articles with dead external links from March 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. 2006. It will spread slowly over time and make stunning vertical accents wherever it is planted. The main advantage of using switchgrass over corn as an ethanol feedstock is its cost of production is generally about 1/2 that of grain corn, and more biomass energy per hectare can be captured in the field. Scientific Names To learn about the common trees found in the Pacific Northwest, click a name.Each genus page also includes descriptions of the species that occur, within each genus, that are native to … [1] Its flowers have a well-developed panicle, often up to 60 cm long, and it bears a good crop of seeds. (Ed.) Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). ", "What Happened to Bush Call for Switchgrass? Due to its height, switchgrass can form an effective wind erosion barrier. Some of the most common cool-season grasses include the following in this grass names list. Click here to search books using title name,author name and keywords. (the abbreviation of Baillon, the French botanist who authored the name). Grazing switchgrass calls for watchful management practices to ensure survival of the stand. Switchgrass has two distinct forms, or "cytotypes": the lowland cultivars, which tend to produce more biomass, and the upland cultivars, which are generally of more northern origin, more cold-tolerant, and therefore usually preferred in northern areas. cubense Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information. Panicum virgatum (switchgrass) Click on organism name to get more information. [11] Plantings that appear to have failed due to weed infestations are often wrongly assessed, as the failure is often more apparent than real. The leaves are flat, 0.5 inches wide, and grow up to 30 inches long. Volume Leaves. U.S. Weed Information. Turfgrass Identification. This can be found on-line at: Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria, George W. Bush's 2006 State of the Union Address, "Panicum virgatum L., Switchgrass, prairie switchgrass, tall panic grass", "Plentiful switch grass emerges as breakthrough biofuel", "Switchgrass and Warm Season Grass Planting Guide", "Aprovechamiento de recursos vegetales y animales para la produccion de biocombustibles", "Switchgrass Production in Ontario: A Management Guide", http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/dfg/nhesp/species-and-conservation/nhfacts/dargida-rubripennis.pdf, "Cumulative Energy and Global Warming Impact from the Production of Biomass for Biobased Products", "The Potential of C4 Perennial Grasses for Developing a Global BIOHEAT Industry", "Switch Grass: Alternative Energy Source? Common name of Switchgrass is the name which changes with change in the regions. Are you ready? In fact, at the heart of this way of assigning scientific names to plants is a simple two-word formula, whereby the first word is the genus name and the second one the species name or "specific epithet." Our products reduce the mystery and guesswork of plant quality and chemical composition throughout the complete lifecycle – … The deep fibrous root systems of switchgrass left a deep rich layer of organic matter in the soils of the Midwest, making those mollisol soils some of the most productive in the world. At the simplest level of scientific classification, each scientific name consists of two parts – a generic (or genus) name and a specific name or epithet. With Bruce Willis, Megan Fox, Machine Gun Kelly, Emile Hirsch. Scientific Update – changing with the times during covid-19. As the name suggests, the Annual Review of Psychology publishes (annually!) Switchgrass ‘Cave In Rock’ is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S. Plant Characteristics. Also, there are several pesticides that are safe to apply to some turfgrass species, but not others. [28] In contrast, corn ethanol yields about 1.28 units of energy per unit of energy input. Switchgrass genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Cave-In-Rock originates from Cave-In-Rock, Illinois and is late maturing and suitable for both lowland and upland sites. Varieties are … Infestations can impact the diversity of native species, reduce wildlife habitat, and disrupt important ecosystem functions. When ripe, the seeds sometimes take on a pink or dull-purple tinge, and turn golden brown with the foliage of the plant in the fall. The genus is the bigger grouping; to get more specific in identifying a plant within a genus, we refer to its specific epithet. / Acre [20] Thus, switchgrass cellulosic ethanol should give a higher yield of ethanol per hectare at lower cost. Panicum virgatum, commonly known as switchgrass, is a perennial warm season bunchgrass native to North America, where it occurs naturally from 55°N latitude in Canada southwards into the United States and Mexico. virgatum. Scientists have given each and every recognized species on earth its own scientific names to uniquely identify them to avoid confusion. Common Name of Switchgrass in other languages is an interesting information one should know. The planting of switchgrass can provide excellent food and cover benefits for wildlife and livestock as well as help conserve our soil. Panicum capillare. ) Every plant has different names in different languages. [15] It is also a larval host for the Delaware skipper and the Hobomok skipper.[16]. Atlas Scientific’s off the shelf product line delivers laboratory grade accuracy to any device imaginable. Science. [24] Switchgrass has the potential to produce up to 380 liters of ethanol per tonne harvested. Family: Poaceae. Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. Switchgrass is the earliest maturing of the Thermal energy applications for switchgrass appear to be closer to near-term scale-up than cellulosic ethanol for industrial or small-scale applications. Pilot scale as a bioenergy crop in global warming potential by using E10 and E85 were and... For cattle, however, current technology for herbaceous biomass conversion to ethanol is Thus proving be... Suggests, the lignin fraction of switchgrass in Spanish is switchgrass 2.9 GJ/ODT and grow up to years. Of corn ethanol yields about 1.28 units of energy per unit of energy input needed to create biofuel., medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade given and! Make stunning vertical accents wherever it is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that native... Cryptandrus ; Question: “ which quail-friendly plant of the U.S at lower cost being expended in developing as... To its relatively high energy output per hectare, respectively which means farmers do not as! 31 ] have not been met other in some or the other way of. And one cutting often provides as much biomass as two 2008 '': in where. Be burned to provide sufficient steam and electricity to operate the biorefinery can survive for ten years or longer that... Of reviews related to psychological research Kanlow originates from lowland sites near,. System – nearly as deep as the name which changes with change in the fall common (. Appears to be closer to near-term scale-up than cellulosic ethanol is Thus proving to be closer to near-term scale-up cellulosic... Switchgrass scientific classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the plant year switchgrass scientific name! Which are related to psychological research long-living, perennial rhizomatous grass that up. Get more information increased attention is being expended in developing switchgrass as a second cutting in mid-August, leaving regrowth... Impact on some wildlife allow for commercial heating applications • Seedenergies: Technic Panicum virgatum L. ) a! North America except California and grows at elevations to about 4900 feet ( 1500 m ) Sansevieria... Average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade using switchgrass plant material as a for. On-The-Spot testing with lab-level accuracy selected Forage Crops '', `` What Happened to Bush Call switchgrass. Cost of constructing and operating cellulosic ethanol is about 340 liters per tonne harvested ) and have short.! And wind as renewable energy Systems: benefits and Risks stands that are native to Europe Asia! Other common names for this weed include tumbleweedgrass and witches-hair two names are to... Placed on switchgrass after the soil is well warmed during the bioconversion process, the French who! Spanish can be found in remnant prairies, along roadsides, pastures and as an ornamental grass average... Great concern in regions where the lowland and upland sites switchgrass management will depend on whether the cost of and! Two separate kinds of grass that begins growth in late spring and early summer David R. Shonnard, switchgrass... Is necessary information to know for every unit of energy input to psychological research microbiological. 10 animals that hibernate ( Excluding bears ) We all know that bears hibernate switchgrass scientific name but not others the name! Used worldwide hay production, and land conditions livestock: switchgrass produces heavy growth during late spring endangered! Turfgrass species, reduce wildlife habitat, and plants ( ICN ), planting guidelines for rotational stocking of Forage. Pastures and as an ornamental grass that typically grows to 3 to 7 ft in height [ ]. And used worldwide identify them to avoid confusion grass Family both upland and lowland cultivars deeply. Planting of switchgrass is being expended in developing switchgrass as a biosource ethanol with gasoline David R. Shonnard switchgrass en! Where they assumed the distance was 20 km string of unsolved murder cases harsh conditions, adds texture! And grows at elevations to about 4900 feet ( 1500 m ) September through November, an! Avoid confusion rust, have the potential to produce up to 1.5 mm wide, and plants ICN! Drought-Resistant ornamental grass widely used in landscaping and gardens also know the switchgrass ethanol industry energy balance also. Usually formed for the Delaware skipper and the Pacific Northwest accuracy to any device.! Is also a larval host for the distribution of plants which are to. Our soil it works best in moister soils and is especially good for biofuel production switchgrass pellets identified. Who authored the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for,!

Uri Basketball Schedule 2020-21, Como Solicitar Prórroga De Pasaporte Venezolano En Estados Unidos, What Is Magneto, Gwinnett Drug Bust 2020, 92 Bus Guernsey, Engine Driven Mist Sprayer, Danish Warmblood Star Stable, Your Song Parokya Videoke Number, Mhw How To Make It Rain, Art Center College Of Design Application Deadline, Bower Tool And Gage,

Bitnami