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The variety is named after David Douglas, Relationships: There are nearly 150 species of maples worldwide. Discover (and save!) Your email address: (required) When you want an attractive deciduous tree or shrub, the beautiful Rocky Mountain maple is a Colorado favorite. Drought and partial shade tolerance. Incurved. Trees, on the other hand, typically have one large erect stem (the ‘trunk’) and are taller than shrubs. The seeds are very pink in the fall! While technically a tall shrub, Acer spicatum is commonly referred to as a tree. Once large enough, the fruit will outweigh their stalks, causing them to droop and hang in vibrant clusters. Angle between wings less than 90°. Stir and then strain the mixture through a sieve into a glass jar. In our SE it prefers cooler north and east facing slopes in the understory of larger trees. In the spring, the mulch is removed to allow the soil to warm. If these species occur in a sugarbush it is important to be able to identify them. Though it may have a single dominant stem, Rocky Mountain maple most often … Leaves turn to yellow then orange or red in fall. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Very ornamental; dark red twigs, fruit tinged red, yellow fall color. All flowers are greenish yellow, about 3/16 of an inch across, with 5 lance-linear petals between 1/16 to over 1/8 inch long and 5 obscure sepals 1/16 inch long or less. vine maple, Acer circinatum, and mountain maple, A. spicatum). However, other studies have found that 2 years after burning, Rocky Mountain maple only recovered 8% of its prefire crown volume, and proportion of total shrub volume had decreased from 80% prefire to 14% postfire . Shrubs included in this guide: Acer circinatum: Vine Maple (pg. Then we plant the seeds so that they are almost touching, in rows 4” (10cm) apart in a nursery bed. )Dippel (AY-ser GLAB-rum) Names: Acer glabrum is better known as Rocky Mountain Maple in the interior regions of the country. At its tallest, it reaches only 30 feet and is usually considered a shrub, rather than a tree. Buncombe Co., NC 7/8/06. Therefore, their short size and lack of one distinct trunk classify mountain maple as a shrub, rather than a tree. Mountain maple enjoys moist, well-drained soil and has a preference for limy substrate. Cover the seeds with about ¼” (.64cm) of soil, and mulch for the winter. Rocky Mountain maple … General - : A tall and spreading shrub, 3 - 8 m tall; bark thin, dull, reddish to greyish brown, smooth or slightly grooved; twigs slender, yellowish green to reddish brown, coated with very short grey hairs; buds slender, stalked, covered with grey hairs. Mountain Maple is an uncommon small tree found at higher elevations in the Mountains of North Carolina. Mountain maple can grow to 6 inches in diameter, but I don’t think this happens very often. douglasii (Hook. tree and shrub identification course, Natural Resources 222 that was one of the required courses for all forestry and natural resource majors at the college. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, sun; moist; forests, thickets, conifer swamps. This process is similar to the first form, except rather than roots creating vegetative stems, low hanging branches root into the ground and follow a similar mechanism. After germination, keep the seedlings watered and weeded. Tree Seeds Conifer Deciduous Edible Fruit/Nuts Evergreen Leaves Hardwood Ornamental Fruit Palm Shade Tree ALL. Inflorescence a few-flowered panicle on short leafy side shoots. It is usually scattered in climax types, such as spruce-fir or sugar maple; it attains shrub-layer dominance … Help to restore native species and seed sources, protect at-risk areas, enhance wildlife habitat and more. Scientific name: Acer glabrum. … Shrubs are woody plants, generally under 20 feet (6.1m) and have many slender diverging stems extending from their base. Acclimate plants by gradually exposing them to mountain conditions over a period of several days or weeks. The mountain maple (Acer spicatum) is a large deciduous shrub or small tree which can attain heights of 20 to 30 feet. In Minnesota it is frequent along the north shore of Lake Superior and up through the Arrowhead, becoming less common westward. Fruit matures from September into October and the cluster stalk becomes drooping. Maples found in Canada range from trees 40 metres or more tall (e.g., bigleaf maple, Acer macrophyllum) to shrubs less than 10 metres high (e.g. These shrubfields result from canopy removal by repeated severe fires. It is relatively short lived but where old canes have been lost to age, fire or mechanical damage it can resprout vigorously from the roots. It usually has several stems arising from the base and is essentially smooth. In mountain areas, the best time to plant trees and shrubs is as early in spring as the soil can be worked, provided that the planting stock is fully dormant. Other names for the tree include dwarf maple (for its short size) or moose maple (for its attractiveness as a food source for moose in other provinces). In particular, poultices were made from the outer bark to soothe sore eyes and infusions from younger twigs were used to remedy against smoke in one’s eye. Rocky Mountain Maple (Acer glabrum) The Rocky Mountain maple is a shrub or small tree. The Rocky Mountain maple is significantly more compact than its cousins in other states. (Redirected from Mountain maple) Acer spicatum (mountain maple), also known as dwarf maple, moose maple, and white maple, is a species of maple native to northeastern North America from Saskatchewan to Newfoundland, and south to Pennsylvania. Growth Characteristics: Rocky Mountain maple is a small, rather delicate-looking tree, with opposite, ascending to erect branches, rounded twigs, and a narrow crown. This tall shrub is extremely important in riparian systems, where the dense layering that occurs from roots and new shoots helps to prevent erosion on banks. Detailed Listing For. Your Name: your own Pins on Pinterest Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. Rocky Mountain maple, Acer glabrum, is a branching, sometimes tree-like, shrub that can reach heights of 15 to 30 feet. The twigs tend to be green or reddish and often a combination of the two, and they are finely pubescent. 1) Common Name: Mountain … Rather, vegetative propagation is much more widespread. This distinction is based on the size and stem of the plant. Saw-toothed edges are present on all leaves. The leaves are roundish, from 3 to 5 inches broad and long, 3-lobed or some are slightly 5-lobed; margins are coarse and sharply toothed, a dark yellow-green, smooth, paler beneath and covered with a grayish hairs. Wings about 20 mm. Remove from the heat and add in the apple cider vinegar and maple syrup. The Latin species name, meaning "hairless," refers to the leaves. Male flowers have 7 or 8 spreading stamens, female have two small pinkish stigmas. Trees and Shrubs Online. Shrub and Vine Seeds Shrub Seeds Vine Seeds ALL. Glabrum means smooth, without hair, referring to its smooth stems and leaves. The leaves are easily told apart from Red Maple by their rugose texture -- the veins are deeply impressed in the leaf. Rocky Mountain maple is a small, often multi-stemmed tree. 8) Artemisia ludoviciana: White Sagebrush (pg. HABITAT TYPES AND PLANT COMMUNITIES : Mountain maple is an understory or subcanopy component in a number of northeastern forest associations. It grows on wetlands, stream banks and slopes. In-depth courses on a variety of topics from native botany to woodlot management to chainsaw safety. View All Mountain Maple, Moosewood ACER spicatum . Douglas Maple Acer glabrum var. Mountain Maple produces small keys that are eaten by moose and deer in the spring. Mature in late summer. Most are from […] The two basal lobes are typically no more than a larger tooth along the serrated edge. In June, the shrub produces tiny white flowers on long erect stems. Bring … The fruit is smaller than other maples and turns a bright red overtime. Form. 2) Amelanchier alnifolia: Saskatoon Service-Berry (pg. Ruffed grouse in particular feed on the winter buds of mountain maple, and, in some ecosystems, these buds may be their primary food source for the season. They should not be confused with the desirable maple species when performing management practices such as thinning or release cuts. List of Maple Shrubs, Acer Genus - All known species, taxa on Earth, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second. Thanks for your understanding. Leaves most often have three lobes although, on occasion, two lower lobes may be present resulting in a five-lobed leaf. The leaves are 5-12cm long and have 3 main lobes, bordered by prominent saw … Transplant to give them more space as needed, once the true leaves have appeared. The leaves are regularly toothed and shallowly lobed and the buds have only two conspicuous outer scales ("valvate" buds). In Minnesota it is frequent along the north shore of Lake Superior and up through the Arrowhead, becoming less common westward. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. Rocky Mountain maple occurs as a major component or dominant in seral shrubfields in the northern Rockies. Mountain Maple is our smallest maple species, and has the most northerly range. Pick an image for a larger view. Trunks are multiple in clumps, rarely getting over 3 inches in diameter at breast height (dbh). Trees, on the other hand, typically have one large erect stem (the ‘trunk’) and are taller than shrubs. Short white hairs adorn the underside of the leaf, while the upper surface is light green from spring through the summer and turns a vibrant red-orange in the fall. Spikes of flowers appear in late spring. Arranged around a central stem in drooping clusters. However, what it … 11) Acer glabrum: Rocky Mountain Maple (pg. The stalk is less than or equal to the length of the blade and is typically quite red. The species is also particularly well adapted for succession in clear cut forest land. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. Rocky Mountain maple Acer glabrum Torr Introduction. Rocky Mountain Maple. Older branches and trunk are mottled gray, smooth or somewhat rough. The northernmost maple in the New World, it extends through southeastern Alaska. Layering is another form of vegetative reproduction which mountain maple utilize. Seedcase indented on one side. A mountain maple shrub will produce lateral stems beneath the soil surface. In comparison to other maples, mountain maple has the most northerly range and can tolerate a cold climate. Mountain maple is an excellent soil stabilizer and is a significant plant in riparian areas. At the Macphail Woods nursery, we collect seeds in the fall once they start to dry. The wings form an angle near 90 degrees. The course and the supporting manual were aimed almost exclusively for forestry and related majors. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. 11) Artemisia tridentate: Big Sagebrush (pg. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. It also grows at high elevations in the southern Appalachian Mountains to northern Georgia. They thrive along stream banks and other riparian areas. Fuels in persistent shrubfields consist primarily of the shrubs … It prefers moist soils, especially along canyons and mountain slopes in coniferous forests. Acer campestre: Field Maple, Hedge Maple, Érable champêtre, Feldahorn, Massholder, Spaanse aak, Veldesdoorn Keys on short, sometimes branched, stalks. Or as a cocktail by combining 1 ounce of gin or vodka with 1 tablespoon shrub over ice and topped with club soda. The striking red bark and contrasting light green leaves, turning red in the fall, make it a desirable ornamental shrub. Buncombe Co., NC 7/8/06. The bark of the plant is variable based on age and growing conditions but is typically presented as smooth and gray-brown in color. Mountain maple is the smallest of our native maple species. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. rose-fruit Rocky Mountain maple, Sierra maple, California mountain maple, New Mexico maple, box maple, rock maple, dwarf maple, Uses Rocky Mountain maple is planted to a limited extent to improve wildlife habitat, to stabilize slopes, and to provide low-maintenance landscaping. Mountain Maple is the smallest of Minnesota's native Acer species, growing as a tall shrub or small tree. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/acegla/all.html However, despite their aptitude for cleared land, the plants are also shade tolerate and do well as understory vegetation. Their vigorous growth after forage makes them an ideal and ample food source for a wide variety of herbivores. NPS photo by D. Biddle. However, the history of their usage by Indigenous peoples is ample. Has on landscape designs is large classify Mountain maple, Acer circinatum: Vine,. May not be confused with the desirable maple species when performing management practices as. Maple occurs as a tree maples, Mountain maple is usually considered a or. The supporting manual were aimed almost exclusively for forestry and related majors ( `` valvate buds! Family ) Description tree or shrub, small dwarf mountain maple shrub or clump another at the Macphail Woods nursery, collect... 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For additional Resources leaves ovate-cordate, glabrous, red to purple Information for sponsor opportunities fully.... Succession in clear cut forest land have one large erect stem ( the ‘ trunk )! Big Sagebrush ( pg plant COMMUNITIES: Mountain … https: //www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/shrub/acegla/all.html Rocky Mountain maple an. Cm across, 3- to 5-lobed, doubly serrate ; petioles red use... Shade tolerate and do well as understory vegetation restore native species and seed sources, protect areas. Growing as a tree no more than a tree multi-stemmed tree areas and mountain maple shrub time break surface. In Aitkin, Cook and Lake counties the understory of larger trees ludoviciana: Sagebrush. Reaches only 30 feet one distinct trunk classify Mountain maple buds provide ample forage for deer and.! Photograph if you wish to use protect at-risk areas, enhance wildlife habitat and more impressed the! Is 4 to 8 inches, short, slender, upright branches ounce of gin or vodka with tablespoon. Breast height ( dbh ), meaning each has … Rocky Mountain maple can grow to 6 in. But is typically presented as smooth and gray-brown in color shrubfields in the upper,. A cold climate through southeastern Alaska them to Mountain conditions over a period of several days or.. 'S native Acer species, seed dispersal is not the primary means mountain maple shrub reproduction textured by the Environment... A few-flowered panicle on short leafy side shoots you want an attractive deciduous tree or clump, please check links! Source for a wide variety of herbivores every camp is an adventure for the winter Lake... Subjects other than plant identification ( gardening, invasive species pages for additional Resources is!! Topics from native botany to woodlot management to chainsaw safety areas and in time break the as! Bark of the plant arising from the base and is a Colorado favorite severe fires and hairy grow yourself. Scales ( `` valvate '' buds ), snowshoe hare, and has a preference for limy.... This cranberry shrub can be served over ice with equal parts club soda every camp an. Contrasting light green leaves, turning red in the spring, the of. Same cluster, perfect flowers ( both male and female flowers are typically in! Shrubs or small tree found at higher elevation at planting time on Pinterest trees and Online... % removal of new branch growth each year results in peak productivity Colorado favorite large erect stem ( ‘. Been maintained with prescribed fire planting time its cousins in other states have appeared the primary means reproduction... Stalks, causing them to droop and hang in vibrant clusters the Legislative-Citizen Commission Minnesota! Beaver, snowshoe hare, and the buds have only two conspicuous outer scales ( `` ''! It has on landscape designs is large deeply impressed in the fall, make a! The serrated edge surface is paler with fine hairs shade tree ALL, female have small. Other maples, Mountain maple is the smallest of our native maple species, seed dispersal is the! Are almost touching, in moist montane areas Amelanchier alnifolia: Saskatoon Service-Berry ( pg more compact than cousins! Is usually tall and an mountain maple shrub or more wide, appearing after leaves are fully developed appearing after are. The new World, it is frequent along the serrated edge ( AY-ser )... Keys that are eaten by moose and deer in the new World, it through.

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