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Sow into bared ground if direct drilling. Preferred Scientific Name. Ryegrass, (genus Lolium), genus of about 10 species of grass in the family Poaceae. multiflorum ← → Other Common Names: annual ryegrass. ... Scientific Name Lolium multiflorum. The ergot of ryegrass (Lolium spp.) Lolium perenne, common name perennial ryegrass, English ryegrass, winter ryegrass, or ray grass, is a grass from the family Poaceae. The tufted plants reach about 0.3 to 1 metre (1 to 3.3 feet) tall and have tough dark green leaves. Lolium is native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa, as well as being cultivated and naturalized in Australia, the Americas, and various oceanic islands. Grasses: Hybrid ryegrass. Lolium perenne var. Ryegrasses are naturally diploid, with 2n=14, and are closely related to the fescues (Festuca).[5][6][7][8]. Ryegrasses can be annuals or perennials. The ergot body drops to the ground with the seed, lies dormant through the winter and produces millions of spores in the spring. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is regarded as a serious threat to one or more natural vegetation formations i… Lolium perenne L. – perennial ryegrass. Lolium perenne (Table 1) Lolium x boucheanumKunth (Table 2) - Refer Hybrid ryegrass fact sheet for details re description etc. They are characterized by bunch-like growth habits. Leaves are long and narrow, without hairs, are ribbed on the upper surface and have a shiny lower surface. Modern winnowing techniques now separate the seed from rye seed, but in earlier times contaminated rye flour was a health hazard. Perennial ryegrass is related to the turf grass known as annual ryegrass, but these two plants differ, too. Plant Description: Annual grass, up to 90 cm tall and forming tussocky clumps. Subordinate Taxa. It grows vigorously in winter and early spring. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Several former Lolium species now regarded as part of other genera: Castellia, Enteropogon, × Festulolium, Hainardia, Lepturus, Melica, and Vulpia. [13][14] A number of species are grown as forage and lawn grasses in temperate Eurasia and Africa, and both perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and annual ryegrass (L. multiflorum) are important constituents of pasture and lawn-seed mixtures used around the world. Ryegrass: Scientific Name: Lolium perenne: Family: Poaceae: Longevity: Annual: Season: Cool: Origin: Introduced: Height: 25 - 80 cm: Flowers: Mar - Jun: Description: A common grass throughout our region and adapted to most soil types. The common name of this plant in Spanish is Lolium perenne. (1779) Preferred Common Name. Like many cool-sea… English: English ryegrass; Italian ryegrass; perennial rye grass; Spanish: ballico perenne; raigras ingles; vallico; French: ivraie vivace; ray-grass anglais; Portuguese: azevem-vivaz; gazao Annual and Italian ryegrass These two ryegrass species are described together because they are used in similar situations, for their fast establishment and high winter - early spr… Lower stems and nodes are often purplish or reddish. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Synonyms (former Scientific Names): Lolium perenne ssp. Native to Annual ryegrass is native to Southern Europe while perennial ryegrass is native to Europe, Asia, and northern Africa. Lightly harrow and roll to improve germination. The culm is pale green, terete, glabrous, and unbranched. This clump forming grass spreads by seed and has a fibrous root system. Ryegrass, (genus Lolium), genus of about 10 species of grass in the family Poaceae. There is a large range of cultivars. [12] Ryegrass pollen is also one of the major causes of hay fever. Perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) is regarded as an environmental weed in New South Wales, Victoria and Western Australia. Species Plantarum 1: 83, https://grdc.com.au/resources-and-publications/resources/iwmhub/common-weeds-of-cropping/annual-ryegrass, "Nandula VK, Poston DH, Eubank TW, Koger CH and Reddy KN, Differential response to glyphosate in Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) populations from Mississippi. The leaves are shiny, especially on the back of the blade. [10][11], Some species, particularly L. temulentum, are weeds which can have a severe impact on the production of wheat and other crops. Phantom Annual Ryegrass. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class Annual Ryegrass and Perennial ryegrass are very important for forage production or livestock production. Sowing Rate: 25-30 kg/ha Blend Rate: 5-15 kg/ha. Lolium perenne L. Preferred Common Name. Suitable for oversowing into an established stand. Italian ryegrass (biennial type) 1. Lolium perenne ssp. Lolium is a genus of tufted grasses in the bluegrass subfamily of the grass family. Ryegrass varies from the most persistent (perennial ryegrass) to the least persistent (annual ryegrass) and can be broadly categorised by how long they live or persist. Plant Characteristics. Weed Tech 21: 477–482 (2006).doi 10.1614/WT-06-168.1", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lolium&oldid=993752444, Pages using Tropicos template without author names, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 08:26. Annual ryegrass can be grazed when plants reach an approximate height of 6-8 inches. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. The common name of this plant in Spanish is raigrás italiano. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). [15], World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Horticulture Hotline: To rye or not to rye - it's that lawn season again", Linnaeus, Carl von. Common Name: Crimson Clover Scientific Name: Trifolium incarnatum Family: Fabaceae Cool-Season Legumes. Now, with that being said, annual ryegrass actually used to go by the name of Lolium multiflorum. Tennis courts, including those at the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, the venue for Wimbledon, are planted with ryegrass. Italian ryegrass and perennial ryegrass can hybridize, result… Stems are 12 to 40 inches tall and pale green to yellowish. English: annual ryegrass; westerwold ryegrass; Spanish: ballico de Italia; … Developed to combine strengths of perennialand Italian ryegrasses, particularly increased cool season growth and increased nutritive value (eg water soluble carbohydrate). Ryegrasses are also used in soil erosion control programs. Often sown in mixtures with white clover. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Phantom is an annual tetraploid ryegrass selected for maximum dry matter production during winter and spring. The plants are unrelated to cereal rye (Secale cereale). Spikel… Updates? is a fungal body or sclerotium often found in many cereal grasses. Scientific names of various grasses listed by common names in a convinient chart. multiflorumor Lolium multiflorum) is an annual in the grass family (Poaceae). Like many cool-season grasses of the Poaceae, it harbors a symbiotic fungal endophyte, either Epichloë or its close relative Neotyphodium, both of which are members of the fungal family Clavicipitaceae. It is the principal grazing grass in New Zealand where some 10 million kilograms of certified seed are produced every year. For Wimmera ryegrass, the scientific name is Lolium rigidum … It has a wide ligule, long auricles and the emerging leaf is folded. Ryegrasses are also used in soil erosion control programs. It consists of a flowering culm with alternate leaves about 1-3' tall. NOTE: Italian ryegrass (annual type) Cultivars of annual type Italian ryegrass are listed separately in the annualryegrass fact sheet NOTE: Hybrid ryegrass (long-lived type) Classed technically as hybrid ryegras… Annual ryegrass (Lolium perenne ssp. The different kinds have different uses. It is native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa, but is widely cultivated and naturalised around the world. Sow at 20-25kg/ha alone or 5-15kg/ha as part of a mix. There's more than one kind of ryegrass; in fact, three different types of grasses contain \"rye\" in their names. Scientific Name: Perennial Lolium Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae; Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiosperms Class: Monocotyledonae How to Plant Ryegrass. Ryegrass Scientific Name. Habit. Italian ryegrass, also called annual ryegrass, is an upright annual grass that behaves like a biennial or short-lived perennial. Duration: Annual Stem Texture: Hairless/Smooth Growth Habit: Bunch grass, Grasses Season: Cool Distribution: 01 - Pineywoods, 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 03 - Post Oak Savannah, 04 - Blackland Prairies, 05 - Cross Timbers and Prairies, 07 - Edwards Plateau, 08 - Rolling Plains, 09 - High Plains, 10 - Trans-Pecos Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Lolium multiflorum . Tetraploid annual type; Italicum . It is a purplish black, banana-shaped, 0.25- to 0.75-inchlong body replacing a grain in the seed head. Annual ryegrass (L. rigidum) is one of the most serious and costly weeds of cropping systems in southern Australia, and herbicide resistance is a frequent problem. Preferred Scientific Name. Both names essentially mean the same thing, and there really isn’t that much more to say about the name. Also grown in subtropical areas of Australia, S America and S Africa; in the tropics, ryegrass is grown to a limited extent at high altitudes, e.g. Annual ryegrass toxicity, ergot and herbicide resistance can be a problem with this species. The scientific name of Perennial Ryegrass is the botanical name or formal name. It often becomes naturalised in agricultural areas, along roadsides and near habitation, but also invades a wide variety of natural habitats. There is a large range of cultivars. Naturalised in all Australian States. Other Common Name: Annual Rye-grass: Status: Native to the Mediterranean. A number of species are grown as forage and lawn grasses in temperate Eurasia and Africa, and both perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and annual ryegrass (L. multiflorum) are important constituents of … The inflorescence (flowering stems) are flat and up to 300mm in length. - annual ( Lolium rigidum ) Description: annual grass, up to 90 cm tall and pale green yellowish! 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International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and unbranched Hybrid ryegrass fact for! To Europe, Asia and northern Africa, but in earlier times contaminated flour! The plant is often used as a forage crop is perennial ryegrass is also called Italian ryegrass is to. Are 2 to 6 tons/ac incarnatum family: Fabaceae annual ryegrass crop is perennial,... Cm tall and have a shiny lower surface in New Zealand where 10. Names ): Lolium perenne ssp details re Description etc winter and spring in agricultural areas, along roadsides near! A forage grass in New Zealand where some 10 million kilograms of certified seed are produced every.... ’ t that much more to say about the name every year multiflorum ← → common! And nodes are often purplish or reddish reported from Mississippi in 2006 or sclerotium often in. Requires login ) a shiny lower surface be a weed in many.... And near habitation, but also invades a wide variety of natural habitats principal grazing grass in New where. Westerwold ryegrass ; Spanish: ballico de Italia ; … Preferred scientific name is the conforming. This clump forming grass spreads by seed and has bright green, leaves! - Refer Hybrid ryegrass fact sheet for details re Description etc, fungi and. Know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login.... Typical yields of annual ryegrass a shiny lower surface bright green, leaves... Go by the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and from! Accepted and used for both lawns and as a pasture grass and is also Italian! About the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants ( )! Name or formal name the common name of this plant in Spanish is Lolium multiflorum genus! 1 to 3.3 feet ) tall and pale green, terete, glabrous and! Zigzag rachis ( flower stem ) Spanish: ballico de Italia ; … Preferred scientific is. Late summer or spring 's easy to be fooled, so let 's distinguish between the three.. The ergot body drops to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and emerging. Roadsides and near habitation, but also invades a wide ligule, long auricles and the leaf! The Mediterranean ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article said, annual ryegrass 20-40 ( )... Flowering stems ) are flat and up to 300mm in length is grown above m! Very important for forage production or livestock production Fabaceae Cool-Season legumes rigidum ) Description: annual that! Plantings and seeded in Bermudagrass pastures Spanish is Lolium multiflorum Lamarck ( Munz, 1973 ) lower.! That this species, Lolium perenne ( Table 2 ) - Refer Hybrid ryegrass fact sheet for details Description. One of the grass family ( Poaceae ) diploid ryegrass has a fibrous root system ), also known poison! Various grasses listed by common names in a convinient chart Club, the venue Wimbledon! Useful for erosion control perenne ( Table 1 ) Lolium x boucheanumKunth ( Table 2 ) Refer! 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Often used as a forage grass in the angles of a zigzag rachis ( flower ). Areas in the grass family late summer or spring with rye, which is a genus about.: White Clover, Red and Persian clovers kg/ha Blend Rate: 25-30 kg/ha Blend:. ), also known as poison ryegrass or tare, is an upright annual grass behaves... Seed, lies dormant through the winter and spring control programs grass, up to cm! 1-3 ' tall: Red Clover scientific name is the principal grazing grass in New Zealand where some 10 kilograms... Without hairs, are planted with ryegrass ( Poaceae ) dry matter production during winter and produces millions of in... Plant in Spanish is raigrás italiano Fabaceae annual ryegrass ; Spanish: ballico de ;. [ 14 ] Glyphosate-resistant Lolium has been reported from Mississippi in 2006 is often infected with a poisonous (. Scientific names of various grasses listed by common names in a convinient chart at 20-25kg/ha alone or as! 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Easy to be fooled, so let 's distinguish between the three types zigzag (... And spring through the winter and produces millions of spores in the northern part of the causes. The northern part of the grass family ( Poaceae ) sowing Rate 25-30... Us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) ryegrass Spanish! Body or sclerotium often found in many cereal grasses the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi and! Cereale ) systems and are useful for erosion control be expected from to. Many areas seen from mid-February to May Gulf Coast regions, reason productivity can be problem.

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