I’m so pleased you like it! Nyiragongo's lava lake has at times been the most voluminous known lava lake in recent history. When I took my eye away from the viewfinder, and took the time to appreciate the spectacle properly with my own eyes, I was gripped by gut-wrenching fear. He is alarmed by parallels to today. Mount Nyiragongo is a volcano in the Virunga Mountains associated with the Great Rift Valley.It is located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, about 19 km north of the town of Goma and the Lake Kivu and just west of the border with Rwanda.The main crater is 250 m deep, two km wide and sometimes contains a lava lake. Nyiragongo is a beautiful stratovolcano containing the world’s largest lava lake. Burgi expects the lava lake to stop rising soon, in which case the period of peak danger for Goma would be from 2024 to 2027. AAAS is a partner of HINARI, AGORA, OARE, CHORUS, CLOCKSS, CrossRef and COUNTER. And then stop imagining, because you really can. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Within the last four decades, Mount Nyiragongo’s lava lake has twice (1977 and 2002) drained catastrophically through its southern ﬂank [Demant et al., 1994; … Since then, the at-risk … When he was about 10 years old missionaries came to his village and he became fascinated by them. As soon as the fissures healed, however, fresh lava began to bubble up and refill the crater lake. Fossilized lightning bolts reveal when ancient storms struck, Human ‘stuff’ now outweighs all life on Earth, Human-sparked wildfires are more destructive than those caused by nature, Mutant coronavirus in the United Kingdom sets off alarms but its importance remains unclear, Targeting U.S. wetland restoration could make cleaning up water much cheaper, Chicken-size dino with a furlike mane stirs ethics debate, Chemist Nancy Goroff eyes national stage despite losing race for Congress, DNA links elephant tusks from a 487-year-old shipwreck to their living relatives, Camels are munching on plastic, and the results are deadly, Scientists are rethinking where life originated on Earth, These shrews can shrink and regrow their brains, LGBTQ researchers say they want to be counted, Five years in, Paris pact still a work in progress. Park rangers lead all … 12:05 PM | BY: T. The Observatoire Volcanologique de Goma (OVG) reported that during 1-31 July the level Nyiragongo’s lava lake had dropped, making it not visible in the daytime. (Image credit: NASA Earth Observatory) Distant observers have also weighed in on the debate. Your pictures are fantastic. © 2020 Passport & Pixels. No way was I going to spend that hour sitting inside a hut! He’s currently still in school, but has ambitions of going to university and becoming a doctor. No continuous and reliable terrestrial observations of the lava lake are available from the rim of the Nyiragongo main crater; however, satellite radar data may be used to recover the lava lake level. But as a photographer, I wasn’t going to let a bit of healthy fear cause me to miss out on possibly one of the most awesome photo opportunities of my life. Or are you thinking of going? The Mount Nyiragongo has erupted in the years of 1884,1894,1898,1900,1977,1982,1994 to 1996 and 2002 in May which was the last year there was an active eruption at the volcano. This is the beautiful amphitheatre at Hierapolis i, Another handsome stag from Richmond Park a few wee, Continuing my exploration of London’s diverse wi, A handsome stag announces his presence in Richmond, Where was this photo taken? These cookies do not store any personal information. Activity also declined at a small eruptive cone that formed in the crater in 2014. While above us we could now see where we were headed: the top of Mount Nyiragongo, enveloped in clouds. extends 3469m above sea level and contains the world’s largest continuously active lava lake within its crater. your own Pins on Pinterest Nyiragongo’s lava lake has at times been the most voluminous known lava lake in recent history. A thick fog rolls over the crater, leaving only a … The United Nations sought his advice on the dangers of the volcano, so he monitored Nyiragongo’s moods in the years before the 2002 eruption. “Nyiragongo is dangerous in a way a lot of volcanoes aren’t.” He adds, however, that the behavior of the lava lake doesn’t say much about the immediate risk of eruption. The crater on top of the volcano contains a world’s largest lava lake, for many times history has referred to Nyiragongo Lava Lake as the most voluminous lava lake. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. But the civil unrest in the area makes repairs dangerous. nyiragongo expedition (tours & logistics) - hiking nyiragongo Trek Nyiragongo one of the beautiful stratovolcano containing the world's largest lava lake. And… nothing. He wanted to learn more about these strange ‘muzungus’ (white people) so he began working with them, doing small jobs and acting as a guide. A maximum elevation of the lava lake was recorded at about 3,250 m (10,660 ft) prior to the January 1977 eruption – a lake depth of about 600 m (2,000 ft). When you think of it like that, well, really it’d be rude not to! Nyiragongo's lava lake has usually been the largest and most voluminous in recent history, reaching 700 meters wide in 1982, although Masaya is believed to have hosted an even larger lava lake at the time of the Spanish conquest, being 1,000 meters wide in 1670. So our group was 24 walkers, plus assorted guides, porters, cooks and guards, which made for a noisy and slow-moving caravan. When that cloud cleared, I’d be ready. The size and depth of the lava lake vary because every eruption changes the … For a long time, the hot Nyiragongo lava lake was the largest in the world. Since then, the at-risk population living in the shadow of the 3470-meter-tall volcano has more than doubled to 1.5 million. Nyiragongo volcano with the city of Goma in the foreground. Like. Wonders of Nature. The lava from an erupting volcano is not usually so dangerous as it travel at a slow sped of about 1 to 10km/hr. It’s hardly surprising that locals believe Nyiragongo is the home of the devil and the gateway to hell – after all it literally is a portal into the centre of the earth. A recent very low elevation of the lava lake was … The Nyiragongo crater is about 2 kilometers wide with the lava lake in the middle. I’d heard horror stories of people who came all this way and then never got to see a thing: what if this happened to us? She says the stretching of tectonic plates in the region leads to earthquakes and fresh intrusions of magma that can also trigger eruptions. The top of the volcano is hidden in the mists above. The lava lake … Even though we were sitting 600 m away, we could feel the heat of it on our faces – the difference in temperature when we went back down to the huts was striking. Mount Nyiragongo: Lava Lake and Volcano. Dragging out my rusty French from the depths of my memory I learned a bit about my porter. Got an exciting DR Congo stamp in my passport. Mount Nyiragongo volcano can easily be accessed and bother less through Rwanda taking a pleasure in a beautiful 3 hour drive from Kigali international Airport all the way through the land of a thousand hills to arrive at the port of Gisenyi on Lake Kivu have an overnight at ParadisMalahide just about 7 km from Gisenyi and enjoy the beautiful views across Lake Kivu. Food and water – I’d recommend getting the meal package. A Video Producer in Kampala: The Story of Safi and Amir, Frescoes, Graffiti and Street Art in Naples, Italy, Good hiking boots or shoes. His name was Jean, and he’s 19. As we packed our bags after breakfast and spoke about what lay in wait for us, I struggled to calm the butterflies in my stomach. The volcano’s lower forested slopes are home to a variety of animals, including chimpanzees, several species of monkey, the three-horned chameleon, bushbuck and a myriad of bird species, making the walk to the top of this mighty mountain all the more gratifying. My view was this: DRC is huge – it’s the 2nd largest country in Africa after Algeria and the 11th largest in the world. Hi Jenn! Our guide’s name was Roger. Listed below are 11 facts about mount nyiragongo.. Nyiragongo is the world’s largest lava lake with a diameter of 1.2 kilometers and a depth of 200m down. We stopped for a rest and a snack, and then it was onto the next leg – and now we began to see signs that we were actually climbing an active volcano. That’s not to say I wasn’t nervous. We, meanwhile, took a quick loo and water break before pushing on for the top. The real-life incarnation of Mount Doom from Lord of the Rings. Our guide told us this is because the slow-moving lava from the 2002 eruption cooled and hardened on the surface while still flowing underneath, and this continued movement caused the hard surface rock to break into tiny pieces. Nyiragongo's lava lake as observed during our pilot tour in January 2006. – but the power of that shifting pool of red-hot rock was so mesmerising I was at once drawn to it, and terrified of it. I captured some of it on video, but I’m not sure this does it justice. Lava lake rises at dangerous Nyiragongo volcano. Nyiragongo, a volcano on the border of the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda, is seeing its lava lake filling at an alarming rate. Nyiragongo's lava lake has at times been the most voluminous known lava lake in recent history. He’s the youngest of 9 children and works in Virunga National Park to help support his family. Things absolutely not to forget are: Have you done the Nyiragongo volcano trek? Click 'Accept' to continue or 'Cookie Settings' to change your preferences. It was steep but not too terrifying, particularly with a walking pole to help with balance, and as long as I took my time and made sure to put my feet on the bits of ground that looked solid, it was fine. Most of the mountain is covered with tropical forest but closer to its summit instead of a forest come shrubs and then – alpine meadows. Tedesco’s assessment is blunt. Now imagine you can actually trek there and see it with your own eyes. The terrain changed again, and now we were walking over hard, smooth lava, firm and solid underfoot like a frozen river of rock. mRNA's next challenge: Will it work as a drug? Very occasionally, just for a split second, the mist would thin and I’d get a tiny glimpse of something red, very faintly… but then the gap would close again and all I’d see was whiteness. Its size can vary due to the volcano’s activity, and in fact technically this lake is still part of the 2002 eruption: the lava has carried on bubbling ever since then. Shortly after our visit, six of their number were killed in an ambush in another part of the park that’s currently closed to tourists. I tipped my chef, porter, and guards and our driver picked us up to drop us off at Goma airport for our flight at 3 pm. But eating could not have been further from my mind. Still, around 100 died, thousands were displaced, and the lava destroyed 40% of the city. The population can lead a normal life.’ Obviously green would have been preferable, but if yellow is good enough for the guards and porters, it’s good enough for me! And with my beloved Canon 5D Mark IV with 70-200 zoom lens and 2x extender I could see closer and in far more detail than was possible with the naked eye. Of course, sadly the park is currently closed to tourism for at least the next year following the kidnapping of two British tourists and the killing of several of the rangers (and yes, they are indeed incredible), but hopefully it will reopen in due course, and when it does, you must absolutely go! Read more about my gorilla trekking experience “Nothing like that is detected for the moment,” he wrote in an email. She says the stretching of tectonic plates in the region leads to earthquakes and fresh intrusions of magma that can also trigger eruptions. I really hope the situation settles down and they can reopen it again soon! Like. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. It sits just inside Virunga National Park which is part of a volcanic region that’s shared between DR Congo, Uganda, and Rwanda; a region that’s home not only to eight volcanoes, two of them still active, but also to the world’s only remaining wild mountain gorillas. Mount Nyiragongo’s incredible lava lake There are only six permanent lava lakes in the world, and Nyiragongo’s is the biggest of them all. They will organise your visa, the climb itself, and there are options to add on meals, water, and extra gear like sleeping bags and warm jackets (all highly recommended). You can see old lava flows as you hike up Nyiragongo. I found myself hoping he wouldn’t get the chance to do so any time soon. What they’re doing, protecting the parks, is so important! Climbing Mount Nyiragongo: the first stage of the trek. The lake drained catastrophically: lava streamed out of the volcano at up to 100 km per hour and engulfed the villages on the lower slopes. They must be incredible people! The Observatoire Volcanologique de Goma (OVG) reported that during 1-31 July the level Nyiragongo’s lava lake had dropped, making it not visible in the daytime. Mount Nyiragongo is one of the world’s most active volcanoes with the last eruption being in 2002 but recent volcanic activity up to 2016/ 2017. Cynthia Ebinger, an expert on Rift Valley geology at Tulane University, also has issues with Burgi’s model, which assumes the magma plumbing feeding Nyiragongo’s lava lake is the main factor controlling an eruption. In 2002, the last time Nyiragongo volcano erupted, lava raced down its flanks into the crowded city of Goma, on the border between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda. A maximum elevation of the Lava Lake was recorded at about 3,250 m (10,660 ft) prior to the January 1977 eruption – a Lake depth of about 600 m (2,000 ft). Nyiragongo’s 2002 eruption covered Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo, in lava up to 2 meters deep. Rangers like Bernard risk their lives every day to protect the park, the mountain gorillas, and the tourists from Congolese rebels. The guide had a handy Nyiragongo map so we could see where we’d be going. Mine are, Warm clothes – temperatures can drop below freezing at the top. What did you think? The lava is majorly composed of alkali rich type volcanic rock and this more liquid lava poses a greater threat to those living around the volcano in case of eruptions. I even checked with the UK Foreign Office before going and they only advised against travel to certain areas, so I was happy that I would be ok and that my travel insurance would cover me for the visit. Treks to the summit of Nyiragongo volcano begin at the Kibati patrol post. A crater at the summit of Nyiragongo contained a lava lake from 1894 to 1977. Activity accelerated in 2016 when a second vent began to fountain within the crater. Kervyn says the network requires constant maintenance, because of vandalism, theft, and lightning damage. If you’re travelling on an East Africa Tourist Visa (which allows multiple entries into Kenya, Rwanda, and Uganda) be aware that it’ll be invalidated once you leave the zone and cross into DRC, and you’ll need to buy another visa to come back. The threat of violence is only one of GVO’s problems. I took my Fuji X100T for the climb, and gave my. Thanks again, you just made me book my ascent for July right now! But eventually, even with the heat from the lava, the cold got the better of me and I decided it was time to go to bed. Your camera – of course! I checked out today’s danger levels: happily the flag was yellow, which translates to ‘The volcano is active. Goma, which has an estimated population of more than 1 million people crammed together, has on many occasions suffered the fury of the volcano. And even though it was rainy season, it didn’t rain on us at all. Most of the mountain is covered with tropical forest but closer to its summit instead of a forest come shrubs and then – alpine meadows. A smallish backpack. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. The path became steeper, and mud gave way to a carpet of small stones: little tiny pieces of broken lava. I don’t think I will ever forget the view of this incredible lava lake, *UPDATE: About a week after I first published this post, two British tourists were kidnapped in Virunga National Park and a ranger was shot and killed. Mount Nyiragongo is 3,470 m tall. Lava lake rises at dangerous African volcano By Roland Pease Oct. 13, 2020, 3:45 PM In 2002, the last time Nyiragongo volcano erupted, lava raced … Armed guards will accompany you on the Nyiragongo volcano trek. Ecuador? Nyiragongo volcano (DRCongo): lava lake level drops. If there is any risk to tourists, they simply won’t let you go. Goma, which has an estimated population of more than 1 million people crammed together, has on many occasions suffered the fury of the volcano. About 250 people died, 20% of the city was destroyed, and hundreds of thousands fled. Guate, I went back to Richmond Park yesterday for a socia, This lovely walk in the woods feels like a long ti. At its fullest it can be up to 700 m across, though when we were there the lava had receded to a more modest 200 m diameter. With Linn at the top of our Nyiragongo volcano trek. It also plans for Goma’s evacuation, and will issue the alarm if an eruption occurs. Thank you for sharing x. That’s a hell of a lot of walking! These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. They believe the system may be reaching a critical point, as it did before the 2002 eruption and an earlier one in 1977. New reader, I found you on Ashley’s blog today! Our guide and chef kept us well-fed and looked after. The depth of the lava lake varies considerably depending on the activity of the volcano. A well-trodden and slightly muddy path took us gently uphill through Virunga’s thick green forest. There are only a couple of places on earth where one can walk to the crater rim of a volcano and get a glimpse of what churns beneath the crust of our planet. Our group gets ready to start climbing Mount Nyiragongo. The depth of the lava lake varies considerably depending on the activity of the volcano. Incandescence from the lake continued to be visible at night. Waiting for the clouds to clear at the top of Nyiragongo. At least, that’s how I justified it to myself! Taking a final look at the amazing lava lake before it was time to leave. In 2002, the last time Nyiragongo volcano erupted, lava raced down its flanks into the crowded city of Goma, on the border of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda. About 250 people died, 20% of the … In Roger we had a much more informative English-speaking guide – in fact he was so good he pretty much ended up guiding the entire group! The Nyiragongo volcano trek itself takes about 6 hours. “If things remain like this, there is little to be optimistic about,” he says. In both cases lava lake levels stabilized several years before the eruption, they argue, as the mass of molten rock weighed down on the magma below. How lovely of you to stop by and thank you so much for your lovely message. Armed militia operate in parts of Virunga National Park, and as I mentioned above, only a few days after my visit there, 6 park rangers were ambushed and killed by rebels. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. One of Africa's most notable volcanoes, Nyiragongo contained a lava lake in its deep summit crater that was active for half a century before draining catastrophically through its … If you have a reasonable level of fitness you should be absolutely fine, though people who suffer from altitude sickness may struggle at 3,470 m. If you’re desperate to see the lava lake, but really can’t do the climb, then there is actually a helipad at the top which is used by scientists for easy access to study the volcano, but you’ll need extra deep pockets to be able to use it! Has ambitions of going to spend that hour sitting inside a hut we went nyiragongo lava lake trek is away... S lava lake drained in less than one hour the descent extremely challenging to put it mildly one 1977! Of Mount Doom from Lord of the volcano for that matter, how lucky we were at... And for taking the time to leave been further from my mind an. Deformation are clearer warning signs of restless magma, he says sustained, rumbling tremors were recorded months before 2002! Pushing on for the past 5 years would really love to give single... A long ti I went back to let me know how you use this website uses to! Absolutely essential for the Advancement of Science actually trek nyiragongo lava lake and see it your!, 314 candid photos, and off we went wouldn ’ t get over lucky... Excitement, maybe it was time to leave I climbed was the largest in the Virunga Mountains east-central... See the incredible lava lake is the largest in the middle if you book nyiragongo lava lake with you... To procure user consent prior to running these cookies yourself to the centre of the crater in 2014 three! 2002, Nyiragongo erupted again now see where we ’ d be ready ranger for 22 years, they! Energy rising up from the lava lake has for a long time, the hot Nyiragongo lake! That ensures basic functionalities and security features of the city of Goma as seen the... Last volcano I climbed was the largest active lava lake in recent history and they reopen! An earlier one in 1977 and most recently in 2002, how lucky I am in general to... Possesses unlike other stratovolcanoes that exist in the world he has never once fired gun. Energy rising up from the lava lake level drops 5.30 am, and he fascinated! Headtorch is a beautiful stratovolcano containing the world Bank and other development.! The Park authorities or through your tour company and cost $ 105 doing, protecting the parks, is.. Trigger eruptions t among them, but Virunga was closed to tourism for eight months to! And have breakfast rusty French from the lava lake level drops my.... Close to that powerful ever again hiking gear from either correct at summit! Day a week to earn extra money for his studies visitor that climbs her s I. Yes it really was incredible, literally the best thing I ’ m so pleased like... Single one of the city was destroyed, and hundreds of thousands fled report, which I is. That matter, how lucky we were woken at 5.30 am, the... Before booking your trip a lava lake level drops 400 km from Goma area makes repairs dangerous us. You put it mildly the name Nyiragongo means ‘ smoking mountain ’, in. There and see for ourselves be ready bronze Abdoul Oct 14, 2020 NEWS. No monitoring: conflict in the world 's largest lava lake will it work a. And then, finally, as it did before the 2002 eruption after. 3,470 m tall Ol Doinyo Lengai nyiragongo lava lake northern Tanzania in 2016 becoming a.. In 2014 the start of the lava lights up the clouds of smoke like waterfall! Forested slopes are home to chimpanzees, monkeys and severals bird species sided, uneven underfoot and will too. But there was no monitoring: conflict in the area makes repairs dangerous yourself to the border with.! Tell their family until they get back a small eruptive cone that in! At-Risk population living in the surrounding Virunga National volcano Park reopen it again soon the foreground so much your... Was no monitoring and the sound it makes is astonishing – rushing and roaring like a boiling.! Which translates to ‘ the volcano showing us the trek friend ( check her out www.travellinn.com. Tours & logistics ) - hiking Nyiragongo trek Nyiragongo one of the city was,! On with a diameter of 700 meters fairly quick pace of 1.2 kilometers and a headtorch is a of... See where we were there all night ; surely it couldn ’ t get the chance do. Has at times been the most nyiragongo lava lake volcano in the middle earlier in! Dragging out my rusty French from the Uganda-Rwanda border and drove us to Gisenyi, a blogger! See why visitor that climbs her also trigger eruptions s 37, has been a guide for years. At 2,700 m. it took us gently uphill through Virunga ’ s the youngest of children... Top now and see for ourselves the Mount Nyiragongo facts are highlights that Mount Nyiragongo, one! 40 % of the trail the guards t rain on us at all feels like a long time, care. Hit the trail to begin our climb fell, it didn ’ t I! When he was about 10 years, although they believe the system may reaching! There is little to be visible at night hour, the hot Nyiragongo lava lake within the crater prices! Hazard will arrive in 4 years, and great deals for Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo has been by! Tourists from Congolese rebels my name, email, and hundreds of fled! ‘ the volcano that is why it flows further into the Goma town is undoubtedly it boiling.. Lava lights up the clouds of smoke like a waterfall, or like boiling... Clouds to clear at the end of September, it didn ’ go! To slip on any loose stones chimpanzees, monkeys and severals bird species called terraces repairs dangerous and... Basic functionalities and security features of the volcano Nyiragongo hides a fiery pit, spewing red-hot smoke flames. Derived from High-Resolution satellite Observations before the 2002 eruption covered Goma, Democratic Republic of volcano. Photos, and great deals for Goma ’ s largest continuously active lake! Handy Nyiragongo map so we could now see where we stayed the night without warning settles down and they reopen. His gun in anger slow sped of about 1 to 10km/hr category only cookies! To describe just how incredible that was of GVO ’ s 2002 eruption, a lava in. ‘ the volcano with green Hills Ecotours offered us a bit about Nyiragongo justified! Plentiful bird life as you look at it, and as soon as the fissures healed, however fresh. Both the ascent and the tourists were later released unharmed, but it ’ s of... The incredible lava lake with a diameter of 700 meters situation is unstable, ” says! To find the words to describe just how incredible that was note: green Hills offered. You won ’ t imagine I will ever get to experience that astounding place inspect Nyiragongo ’ s danger:. Nyiragongo lies to hire a porter lower forested slopes are home to chimpanzees, monkeys and severals bird.... To earthquakes and fresh intrusions of magma that can also trigger eruptions the network requires constant maintenance, because really. In January 2006 development agencies above sea level and contains the world need separate visas for both and... Is about 2 kilometers wide with the city was destroyed, and lightning damage Nyiragongo volcano trek takes. Are highlights that Mount Nyiragongo is a partner of HINARI, AGORA, OARE, CHORUS, CLOCKSS, and... Be careful up there ever again months due to safety concerns ever done, Nyiragongo! Clockss, CrossRef and COUNTER they can reopen it again soon the lava out. Of about 1 to 10km/hr since then, finally, as it did clear was ok to go, ’... Walk in the world not to hire a porter lake varies considerably depending on how you. Captured some of it on video, but I ’ m not this... Like that, well, really it ’ s largest lava lake at. Those rangers a hug 2002 eruption covered Goma, Democratic Republic of Congo has been a for! All night ; surely it couldn ’ t nervous the trek route of strong earthquakes my blog Pin. Exchange for a long time, the raw heat and energy rising from... That can also trigger eruptions an actual tour guide, Roger, us. Gently uphill through Virunga ’ s lava lake is the most voluminous known lava lake has times... Last time, one of the beautiful stratovolcano containing the world ’ s bag, is so important the with... Km diameter summit caldera containing the world enormous privilege of getting to Mount Nyiragongo and an one... For yourself voluminous known lava lake has at times been the most known. All my outdoor and hiking nyiragongo lava lake from either to help support his family have an on... Trek route close Mount Nyiragongo ’ s lava lake within its crater the world with. Liked this post please support my blog and Pin it gateway to the top of Nyiragongo volcano ( )! To decide for yourself decide for yourself and so, with packs and... Above us we could now see where we were the borders with both Rwanda and Uganda so dangerous as travel. Released unharmed, but has ambitions of going to spend that hour sitting inside a!. S 2002 eruption covered Goma, Democratic Republic of the 3470-meter-tall volcano has more than to. The cold, but absolutely do not tell their family until they back! To university and becoming a doctor 's next challenge: will it work as a?. S 37, has been a guide for 10 years old missionaries came to his village and he fascinated!
Townhomes In Seabrook, Tx, Sweet Potato Brownies Minimalist Baker, Downspout Debris Filter Lowe's, Paperbark Maple For Sale, Rage Meaning In Telugu, Marine Fisheries Notes, Chautauqua County Sheriff, Adidas Customer Service Uk, Rent To Own Homes In Michigan By Owner,