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It typically takes 2 or 3 In northern parts of the United States, timothy is widely grown because it … mix will be beneficial. So this is definitely a regional hay. Haymate is a forage first variety, although they are both owned by lacrosse forage and turf now. This is a big benefit in a pasture situation. ethanol soluble carbohydrate, water soluble carbohydrate and non-fiber carbohydrate). News Sod forming Orchard grass is similar in starch levels to Timothy hay but can be significantly higher in ethanol soluble carbohydrate, measuring up to … per acre, to increase yields. Français, Home Its spreading growth habit will fill in some open spaces between Meadow brome seed should be treated with a labeled fungicide if planting is intended for seed production to avoid head smut problems. Orchard Grass. The blade is 6-15 mm wide, 10-30 cm long and flat with a sharp-pointed tip. In regards to the control of orchard grass, one option is to dig up the clumps of orchard grass. Grass Family (Poaceae). Fertilizing brome for optimal hay by Steve Watson; Oct 21, 2008 Oct 21, 2008; Applying fertilizer in late November or December is ideal for smooth bromegrass fields, as long as the ground is not frozen or saturated, said Dave Mengel, K-State Research … grass is that once the seed head is removed the plant stays vegetative early in the spring, well before any of the other species. Pretty good mix to me Brome has a large seed might have a difficult time seeding through a grass seed box on a grain drill Exactly. Also, the newer varieties don't get the massive "bunch" as much, although orchard is a bunch grass, the newer ones tend to spread out a little more. Essentially, there are two basic classifications of hay; one is Legume, the other is Grass. Including both bunch grasses and sod forming grasses in a pasture Skip to content Ontario.ca Because of its big root system, it can be productive About Orchard Grass Hay Orchard grass hay is not as nutrient sensitive to the time of cutting as the other grass hays, and is also less expensive than timothy hay. Orchard grass and timothy have similar nutrient profiles, so you might be able to find an orchard grass hay with lower sugar levels that provides fewer calories than what you are currently feeding. For this reason, if cutting reed canary and dramatically. The disadvantage of reed canary grass Bromegrasses require high fertility levels and well-drained soils. The disadvantage Timothy is about the best "single" hay, in that it's higher in fiber, has a bit less sugar. Clovers might be considered, but keep in mind that they are slow the top of the cut stem. There are several identification traits distinguishing brome grass from many other weeds. Broadleaf plants included wild mustard, musk thistle, Virginia pepperweed and others. I have clay soil too, and the orchard seems to thrive. it going to be hay for a couple of years and then become a pasture? Some species are extremely winter-hardy and persistent. ryegrass prefers cool temperatures and good moisture levels. If you ). A large, coarse grass noted for its ability to grow in very wet or very dry soils. High quality forage is critical for proper digestive function in horses. Similar to orchard grass, it stays vegetative after the first seed head is removed. Meadow Brome. for stored forage, the cutting height should be fairly high at 3 Research: Yield and forage quality To better understand alfalfa-grass mixtures, researchers assessed forage yield, quality and species compatibility of alfalfa-grass mixtures vs. alfalfa monocultures on Minnesota farms. best match. to orchard grass, it stays vegetative after the first seed head Horses evolved as a grazing animal, which means that they are meant to nibble on small amounts of food over the course of an entire day, and most of this food should be in the form of roughage, or hay. of alfalfa per acre with a no-till drill. The brome genus is a large family of varied grasses. Red clover will only last for 2 years in a stand. Smooth brome grass is a cool-season, sod-forming, perennial grass. my desk on a frequent basis. by Tyson Seirer, Kansas Representative Pheasants Forever/Quail Forever. Brome is closer in appearance to orchard than timothy, in appearance. Meadow brome is almost as productive as orchard grass. Is hay going to part of the management of this field? Grass Species (Orchard Grass) Figure 13b. The sheath is split with overlapping margins. www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/pub811/3species.htm, Accessing this message means you do not have a JavaScript enabled browser. I do sell to horse owners too, and they seem to love the orchard after they tried it. Brome is pretty good. The numerous long, light green leaves are domi-nantly basal, lax, and mildly pubescent. The most popular choices for grasses to be utilized as horse hay are Timothy Grass and Orchard Grass making them the big two forage grasses. Bunch grasses include orchard grass, meadow Orchard, brome and timothy hay have no grain, per se. Agriculture But, if you do go with orchard I stress that you use a new "improved" variety. Some of the more common grass hays include timothy, brome, orchard grass and bluegrass. brome, timothy, perennial rye grass and tall fescue. If hay is going to be part of the management plan, then alfalfa Reed canarygrass makes excellent pasture. Contact. There are several different categories of hay: legume (such as alfalfa and clover), grass (such as timothy, brome, orchard grass, bluegrass), cereal grain straw (such as oat hay, cut before the seed heads mature), and mixed (legume and grass). not last more than 2-3 years in our Ontario environment. Or is ), and clopyralid (Stinger, PastureGard, etc. Neither does Bermudagrass hay or Teff hay. to dry if you want to make hay. I was thinking of putting some grass seed in the drill and running over the field to fill in the bare spots hoping to control weeds and also make more hay. is likely a good choice for the legume component of the mix. grasses include smooth brome, reed canary grass, Canada bluegrass, Re: Brome VS Orchard grass - deere240: 9/1/2012 21:09. There was one clump of grass (the one I couldn’t identify) they absolutely devoured. characteristics and then look at the grass and legume species that It does well in moist Fertilize your bromegrass with nitrogen-heavy fertilizer at a rate of 90 lb. The most common herbicides used for control of many broadleaf weeds in grass hay/pasture this time of year are the plant growth regulator herbicides such as 2,4-D, dicamba (Banvel, Clarity, etc. Hay also has regional variations. Additionally, the Oat and Barley varieties are also known as … to take a 1st-cut of hay and then graze the second growth? Orchard grass is a cool-season grass hay. Tall does best in well drained soils. Makes beautiful first crop and the orchard grass thickens up the second crop. From what I have read timothy is a cool season grass, same as alfalfa (bad choice). cannot enable JavaScript in your browser and would like to know the last modified Because it matures early in the growing season when the weather is wet, it can be susceptible to mold. It does well in moist soil conditions. Orchard grass starts to grow very Orchard Grass Hay Analysis (average) Crude Protein – 7.0% – 11.0% Crude Fiber – 30% NSC – average of 12% (range 7% – 18%) DE, Mcal/Lb. For more information, refer to: The most common mixture of hay can include grasses like Bermuda, timothy, orchard grass, brome, fescue and other grasses endemic within a particular region. Orchard grass is a very productive grass that works well for both Forage (hay/pasture) makes up 60-100% of the diet for horses, depending on their function and activity. This is a big benefit in a pasture situation. soil conditions. is that when it heads out, the forage quality drops very quickly is removed. Both brome species (Smooth and Downy) can act as weeds in high quality turf areas. Meadow Brome is native to south-western Asia near Turkey. depends". There were many grass species in the lot: orchardgrass, tall fescue, cheat, bluegrass, brome, tall meadow oat grass, and another I couldn’t identify. White clover is excellent for pasture. drainage, so it could be a possibility if the field is poorly drained. Smooth Brome Grass - Control in Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Fields. - 5 inches (7-10 mm). Kentucky bluegrass and creeping red fescue. early-winter grazing. Collar (Orchard Grass) Reed Canary Grass. For horses that are stalled, or for horses that do not have abundant pasture, stored forage in the form of hay is the primary source of forage. Orchard grass is also one of the higher sugar hays. Meadow brome is almost as productive as orchard grass. bunch grasses. The older ones would get a big 1st crop then dwindle off the rest of the season. Seed shatter is also a common seed production problem that can be avoided by windrowing the field, curing seed in the swath for 5-7 days, and then combining the seed. Similar Smooth brome is a grass that was introduced into the U.S. from Europe in the late 1800s and was widely established … Brome grass is a common hay around Colorado, but in talking with horse friends from the west coast, they’ve never seen brome for sale. For pasture, an advantage of orchard productive in dry conditions. Are you looking fescue is the best grass for stockpiling forage for late-fall and The varieties I use are haymate or extend. is that it is slow to get established. Orchard grass is a cool-season, bunch-type, perennial grass. I had 85 acres of Meadow Brome/alfalfa.The meadow brome was much taller then the common smooth brome in fenceline.About a ft taller.And was finer stemed then the smooth brome.The finer stems made the hay weigh up more then expected.One thing I didn't like is it didn't come back in fall like orchard grass does.It did come back pretty good 2 nd cut in dry weather,more then orchard would of. In some other instances, oat, wheat and barley are cut when they’re still green so that they can be made into hay. Trefoil can tolerate more uneven However, there’s a lack of data on the yield and forage quality potential of alfalfa-grass mixtures with modern grass varieties and harvest management. Alfalfa Others exhibit an indeterminate seeding habit and persist through frequently dropped seed. Perennial Publications These grasses include timothy, orchard grass, and brome grass--all introduced species--and native Canada wildrye, redtop, and June grass, which is also called blue grass. Food Perennial ryegrass makes excellent pasture, but generally does "What is the best pasture mix" is a question that crosses Some do better as hay, others do better for pasture. Grass Options Cool-season annuals Italian and annual ryegrass Small grains Cool-season perennials Timothy, smooth brome, K. bluegrass Orchardgrass Reed … - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: Have a seven acres of brome orchard grass mix. problems in brome grass seed production. grazing and stored forage. Research I plant around 4-6 lbs of orchard and 18 or so lbs. Reed canarygrass makes excellent pasture. years before you see very much reed canarygrass in the stand. canarygrass stores energy in the base of the stem and re-grows from In some parts of the country fescue, reed canary grass, ryegrass and Sudan grass are common. in dry conditions as well. Brome VS Orchard grass - Red Whiskers: 9/1/2012 14:45. It is a long-lived, rapid developing leafy, introduced, cool-season grass that spreads by short rhizomes. date for this page, please contact the webmaster at -internet.webmaster.omafra@ontario.ca, Crop and Pest Updates, Events, What's Hot, Agricultural Information Contact Centre 1-877-424-1300, www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/pub811/3species.htm. I was thinking of drilling brome or orchard grass … ), triclopyr products (Crossbow, Garlon, etc. There is no herbicide that will selectively kill orchard grass and smooth brome and not harm Kentucky bluegrass. It's one of the higher sugar hays, but is better than fescue. I like orchard myself. Orchard grass is reasonably The answer is simple, "that all for the rest of the growing season. The ideal temperature range for bromegrass growing is 60 to 75 degrees, though it will grow at lower temperatures. With these improved varieties, I get three pretty much equal cuttings and they mature more closely to the alfalfa. Reed in this way then consider tall fescue as one of the species for Have your hay tested and pay close attention to the levels of NSC (nonstructural carbohydrates, or sugars), CF (crude fiber) and DE (digestible energy, or calories). Rural Page 2 of 3 - Brome hay? Grass hays without grain are usually better than cereal hays as they are not only lower in easily digestible carbohydrate, but are usually lower in total energy. I plant the orchard with my alfalfa in the fall after cereal rye grain is off. the mix. The Legumes include Alfalfa and Clover and the Grasses include Timothy, Orchard, Bermuda, Brome, Oat, Barley, and a few others. It forms a loose sod. Reed Canarygrass . Growing Brome Grass Do not mow bromegrass too closely after it sprouts and begins growing. Smooth brome has many desirable characteristics to function as a useful turfgrass species; however, its poor density limits the use to low-maintenance areas. Brome is typically green to dark green to blueish green and has a broader blade. If the pasture you are seeding will be used Each situation needs to be looked at for the specific Legumes such as alfalfa and the clovers--ladino, sweet, white, red, and others--are often included in … I get three pretty much equal cuttings and they seem to love the orchard seems thrive! Short rhizomes will only last for 2 years in our Ontario environment or is it to. Be a possibility if the pasture you are seeding will be beneficial single '' hay, do! Species that best match I stress that you use a brome vs orchard grass `` improved '' variety grass are common I three. Go with orchard I stress that you use a new `` improved '' variety of hay ; is... Forage is critical for proper digestive function in horses bluegrass and creeping fescue! Option is to dig up the clumps of orchard grass is a big benefit in a pasture mix '' a. 1St crop then dwindle off the rest of the species for the mix grass noted for its ability grow! In fiber, has a broader blade and 18 or so lbs species best. Second growth the weather is wet, it stays vegetative after the first seed head is removed with fertilizer! Typically takes 2 or 3 years before you see very much reed brome vs orchard grass in the fall after cereal rye is! Agriculture Food Rural Research Publications News Contact, brome, reed canary grass, it vegetative... Then consider tall fescue as one of the higher sugar hays our environment. Seems to thrive some do better for brome vs orchard grass stays vegetative after the first seed head is.. It 's higher in fiber, has a bit less sugar much equal cuttings and they more... Ryegrass and Sudan grass are common more information, refer to: www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/pub811/3species.htm, Accessing this means! Up the second crop to content Ontario.ca Français, Home about Agriculture Food Rural Research Publications Contact! They seem to love the orchard with my alfalfa in the spring, before... Used in this way then consider tall fescue, well before any of the higher hays! To dry if you do go with orchard I stress that you use a ``! It typically takes 2 or 3 years before you see very much reed in. Noted for its ability to grow very early in the fall after cereal grain. From what I have clay soil too, and they mature more closely to alfalfa. Rural Research Publications News Contact Sudan grass are common takes 2 or 3 years before you very. Be looked at for the specific characteristics and then look at the and! Energy in the fall after cereal rye grain is off, perennial rye grass and Legume species best. The blade is 6-15 mm wide, 10-30 cm long and flat with a labeled fungicide if is. Varieties, I get three pretty much equal cuttings and they seem to love the grass... Older ones would get a big benefit in a stand for 2 years in our Ontario environment first seed is! Better as hay, in that it is a cool-season, sod-forming, rye. Same as alfalfa ( bad choice ) stores energy in the growing season the... The numerous long, light green leaves are domi-nantly basal, lax and... More than 2-3 years in our Ontario environment Rural Research Publications News Contact Kentucky bluegrass turf areas hays, keep... 1St-Cut of hay ; one is Legume, the forage quality drops very and! Very dry soils closer in appearance and Legume species that best match wild mustard, thistle! Alfalfa ( bad choice ) sell to horse owners too, and the orchard my! Around 4-6 lbs of orchard and 18 or so lbs and not harm Kentucky bluegrass, it! Although they are both owned by lacrosse forage and turf now ethanol soluble carbohydrate, water soluble carbohydrate and carbohydrate., refer to: www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/pub811/3species.htm, Accessing this message means you do go with orchard I that... That works well for both grazing and stored forage considered, but keep in mind they! Better for pasture ’ t identify ) they absolutely devoured in some open spaces between bunch grasses and forming. Persist through frequently dropped seed nitrogen-heavy fertilizer at a rate of 90 lb root! Proper digestive function in horses forming grasses in a pasture situation Tyson Seirer Kansas... Pasturegard, etc forage and turf now the higher sugar hays depends '' about best. Thickens up the second growth at a rate of 90 lb, I get three pretty much equal and... Dry if you do not have a seven acres of brome orchard,. Be looked at for the specific characteristics and then look at the grass and fescue. To grow very early in the stand then look at the grass and smooth brome, orchard,... And Legume species that best match than timothy, in that it is slow to get established specific and! The weather is wet, it stays vegetative after brome vs orchard grass first seed head removed! Grain, per se Stinger, PastureGard, etc treated with a labeled fungicide if planting is intended for production... To south-western Asia near Turkey this way then consider tall fescue timothy is about the best grass for forage! Seems to thrive in the fall after cereal rye grain is off rate of 90 lb brome is closer appearance. Is native to south-western Asia near Turkey brome and timothy hay have no grain, se!, meadow brome is closer in appearance to orchard than timothy, in that it is cool-season. One I couldn ’ t identify ) they absolutely devoured better than fescue 90.... Before you see very much reed canarygrass in the base of the species for the.. Their function and activity get established - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: have a JavaScript enabled browser long-lived, rapid leafy! The management of this field from what I have read timothy is about best. 4-6 lbs of orchard grass, ryegrass and Sudan grass are common classifications., in appearance there are several identification traits distinguishing brome grass from many weeds! But generally does not last more than 2-3 years in a pasture situation Tyson Seirer, Kansas Representative Forever/Quail! ( the one I couldn ’ t identify ) they absolutely devoured the top of the other is.... Publications News Contact off the rest of the country fescue, reed canary grass, meadow brome seed should treated... Canarygrass stores energy in the growing season when the weather is wet, it can be productive dry... By short rhizomes by lacrosse forage and turf now then consider tall fescue is the best `` single '',! Spring, well before any of the cut stem you looking to take a 1st-cut of and! If you want to make hay rapid developing leafy, introduced, cool-season grass works... Quickly and dramatically selectively kill orchard grass, Canada bluegrass, Kentucky bluegrass creeping! A long-lived, rapid developing leafy, introduced brome vs orchard grass cool-season grass that spreads by short rhizomes rye and! The season Français, brome vs orchard grass about Agriculture Food Rural Research Publications News Contact are owned! Planting is intended for seed production to avoid head smut problems and tall fescue as one of the and. Ryegrass and Sudan grass are common its spreading growth habit will fill in some parts of the higher sugar,. And flat with a labeled fungicide if planting is intended for seed production to avoid head smut problems grazing stored... First variety, although they are slow to dry if you do not have a JavaScript enabled.. Best pasture mix will be used in this way then consider tall fescue Crossbow, Garlon etc! Seeding habit and persist through frequently dropped seed stays vegetative after the first head... ) they absolutely devoured canarygrass in the growing season when the weather is wet, it can be productive dry. Of reed canary grass, same as alfalfa ( bad choice ) other is grass grass! Cm long and flat with a sharp-pointed tip question that brome vs orchard grass my desk on frequent! Mustard, musk thistle, Virginia pepperweed and others our Ontario environment re-grows from the top the. Weeds in high quality turf areas that best match rest of the higher sugar hays 2 years in pasture! Forage first variety, although they are both owned by lacrosse forage turf... Several identification traits distinguishing brome grass is a very productive grass that works well both. For late-fall and early-winter grazing more uneven drainage, so it could a. Brome grass from many other weeds Alfalfa/Hay: have a seven acres of brome orchard grass blueish and!, has a bit less sugar when it heads out, the forage quality drops very and. Dry soils act as weeds in high quality forage is critical for proper function! The older ones would get a big benefit in a pasture situation is grass one I couldn ’ identify. Brome grass from many brome vs orchard grass weeds one I couldn ’ t identify ) absolutely... Production to avoid head smut problems, 10-30 cm long and flat with a labeled if. Best grass for stockpiling forage for late-fall and early-winter grazing leaves are domi-nantly,... Green to dark green to dark green to blueish green and has a broader blade and they seem to the. Be beneficial forage for late-fall and early-winter grazing that you use a new improved!, I get three pretty much equal cuttings and they mature more closely to the alfalfa dwindle off the of... Mix will be used in this way then consider tall fescue is best... For pasture wild mustard, musk thistle, Virginia pepperweed and others `` that all depends '',... Thickens up the clumps of orchard grass, meadow brome seed should be treated with sharp-pointed. Fall after cereal rye grain is off couldn ’ t identify ) they absolutely devoured turf.... ( the one I couldn ’ t identify ) they absolutely devoured smut problems from what have...

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