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Native to Asia, the Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) was originally introduced to the United States in the early 1900s as rootstock for domesticated pears. Callery pears, the unwanted progeny of Bradford pears, turn red and gold along the edge of the fields at the Braun Farm as some of the last trees … Every gardener must look for the required information on this plant before planting it. These trees came about as a result of the USDA trying to create a fire blight resistant pear tree. Callery Pear: Street Side Dream Becomes Natural Area Nightmare Callery pear, commonly known as Bradford pear, is a ubiquitous landscaping tree in Indiana cities and towns. Location: Northwest Montana from Zone 3a to 4b (multiple properties). They grow a 5" cork screw tap root before it makes a sprout so when you try to pull it out you just top it and it comes back. Since pear is in the same family as hawthorn and serviceberry--usual hosts of this rust, it stands to reason that pears could be infected as well. So now “volunteer” callery pear trees are seeding themselves in alarming numbers and from their roots as suckers even where they were not planted, helped along by birds. Callery pear tree identification. Anyone know if those feral, callery pears can pollinate European pears. The 'Bradford' cultivar is created when a scion (cutting) of a 'Bradford' tree is grafted onto the rootstock of a wild-type Callery pear. Leaves are suborbicular as L/W ratio is nearly 1. The Callery Pear is a native tree in Korea and China. Plants are useful to human beings in innumerable ways. Birds were then eating the small fruits and pooping out nascent pears far beyond the parent trees. Rootstock sprouts were pretty persistent, but the grafts that did take did well provided I kept ahead of the sprouts..... Alright, another day and my bud graft is still hanging in there. This rapidly growing tree provides shade around homes and commercial property and birds consume the fruit. For more Autumn Blaze information, including tips on how to care for an Autumn Blaze pear, read on. However, Teresa established that other cultivars originating from slightly different plants (e.g. When introduced in the United States as an ornamental tree, it thrived. The Bradford pear and related cultivars of Pyrus calleryana are regarded as invasive species in many areas of eastern and mid-western North America, outcompeting many native plants and trees. Autumn Blaze pear trees may not produce edible fruits, but they are truly ornamental gems. 10 per square foot. BRADFORD PEAR PYRUS CALLERYANA Callery or Bradford pear, Pyrus calleryana, was introduced to the United States in 1909, and its uniform shape, profuse white flowers, and bright red fall foliage made the Callery pear a much-planted ornamental throughout the southeast. How to use Callery pear in a sentence. Callery pear in bloom along powerline ROW. They sprout in my yard and garden and my fields of course. Tree workers introduced it into the United States in 1908. The root stocks (I guess that is what they are?) It sprouts from stumps and root systems too. The problem. Another common name of Pyrus calleryana is 'Bradford Pear,' which refers to a widely planted cultivar of this species. I planted a European pear near my neighbor's callery. Then if it doesn't work, you can always do the other style graft next winter. An area of dense callery pear that was cleared with a forestry mowe, with more callery pear in the background. The nursery eventually went out of business, but the pears lived on. When I lived in Georgia some years ago I started a bunch of Bradford seedlings and grafted Asian pears onto them. It looks like I am up to about 80% of my grafts have taken, or at least appear to have taken. Flowering Callery Pear Tree Fruit Close up. If you post some photos of the grafts before wrapping we might be able to give some helpful advice. Identifying Pyrus calleryana by leaf, bark, fruit, flower, seed and shape. BRADFORD CALLERY PEAR (PYRUS CALLERYANA) / GEORGIA. Be sure to seal the tip of the scion (if it's cut) to prevent drying. More and more fruits were showing up on the trees. Starting in the 1960s, Callery pear has been widely planted as a street and ornamental tree. Images of a callery pear tree. Callery pear, Pyrus calleryana, was brought to the United States in 1909 to help combat the fire blight epidemic in pear fruit trees. And they were visted by a golden haired tiny ad: Rocket Mass Heater Plans - now free for a while, current server time (not your local time) is, Pics of the garden 2012 - Dallas/Fort Worth Area, Texas, Cheapest Way To Start a Fruit/Nut Tree Orchard, 4 acres keyline designed food forest/savanna in Ontario. However, many began to note that the "no fruit" feature of Callery pears appeared to be changing. I have a small Bartlett and Starking Delicious tree that I can pull a couple scions from this winter. It was a fat chance anyways. Callery pear tree identification. Alright. The anthers of Callery pear flowers are purple, while those of … The callery pear (Pryus calleryana)is a medium-sized tree that was introduced to the U.S. from Asia in the early 1900s in an attempt to fight the fire blight of the common pear. A white blooming Bradford Pear tree,Pyrus Calleryana, P. Calleryana, in the spring. Review of risks should be undertaken before selecting this tree for planting sites. However, not all parts of rosaceous hosts are susceptible to infection by this fungus. Pennsylvania is at the northernmost edge of its invasion front, … They have a beautiful rounded, spreading habit. Callery pear definition is - a deciduous tree (Pyrus calleryana) of the rose family that has upright branches forming a conical crown, heart-shaped glossy leaves with finely serrated margins, showy clusters of white flowers, and small, bitter, brownish round fruits. A branch of callery pear with flower clusters and leaves. Callery pear is also somewhat similar to other spring flowering trees of the rose family including serviceberries (Amelanchier spp. However, it also has a relatively short lifespan of 15 to 25 years, though usually less since they may experience environmentally induced problems. These seedling pears are extremely vigorous and quite precocious, coming into bloom and fruit at a very young age. It has a narrower and more erect canopy than the species. I'm in MO too. Peter Hartman wrote: Unfortunately I am not sure that this graft is going to make it. Rust infection of callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) fruit is a common occurrence in the spring, especially following periods of cool, rainy weather. Review of risks should be undertaken before selecting this tree for planting sites. My pear is supposed to be self pollinating, but more pollination must be better. Unfortunately, it wasn't until callery pears festooned practically every highway median, shopping mall parking lot, and suburban front yard that its serious flaws became apparent. 2 Alabama Cooperative Extension System Callery Pear: History, Identification, and Control 3 The callery pear (Pryus calleryana) is a medium-sized tree that was introduced to the U.S. from Asia in the early 1900s in an attempt to fight the fire blight of the common pear. One of the most common cultivars is the Bradford pear, for more information on Bradford pears see HGIC 1006 Bradford Pear). Callery pear has invasive traits that enable it to spread aggressively. I expected quite vigorous growth but these trees have surpassed my expectations. Callery pear, or Bradford pear, is an ornamental, deciduous tree that is a member of the Rosaceae Family. Samples of 'Bradford' Callery pear fruit and 'Redspire' have been diagnosed with cedar-quince rust. Over the years, … Callery pear was imported multiple times to the U.S., including the first introduction in 1909 to the Arnold Arboretum and an introduction in 1916 by the U.S. Department of Agriculture for development of fire blight resistance in the common pear (Pyrus communis), which was devastating the commercial pear industry. However, both its flowers and pear-shaped fruit are larger in … and American plum (Prunus americana). Bradford was not self-pollinating and thus no fruit or seeds were produced. It also develops tight crotches that are likely to be split in half by heavy wind and rain storms. My pear is supposed to be self pollinating, but more pollination must be better. Blogging about homesteading, photography and living in a small Utah town | Growing mostly cider apples at Stray Arrow Ranch. I am going to see if I can find a few more disease resistant verities though. My own observations on my land is that Sweetgum, pine, and persimmon seem to grow fast enough to out pace them, so if you can keep them down or in check and let the native trees grow, they should hopefully establish a forrest where the bradford can't take over. The cultivated forms were thought to be sterile, but recently they’ve been spreading — alarmingly. I have recently identified some wild Bradford pear, Location: Torrey, UT; 6,840'/2085m; 7.5" precip; 125 frost-free days, If you can find source material, you might try bud grafting this summer. If youre thinking about growing Callery pear trees, keep reading to find out about the care of Callery pear trees and other useful Calleryana information. For many years the trees were sterile, not producing fruit. Wildlife love the fruits of the Bradford or Callery pear and an abundance of trees are spread via birds and squirrels, appearing seemingly out of nowhere overnight. I think a cleft graft is much more likely to take. Rust infection of callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) fruit is a common occurrence in the spring, especially following periods of cool, rainy weather. Ultimately, it may grow to a height of 30 to 40 feet and about one-thrid as wide. Atleast privet can be pulled up relatively easily. Guess we have a pear … I'm so nerdy. A few decades later, one particular tree was noticed to have a uniform shape, profuse white flowers, no thorns, and bright red fall foliage. I'm guessing bradford will be seen as more of an issue pretty soon, since it can displace entire acres and become 99% bradfords with a few native plants struggling inside to out grow them. 'Bradford' Callery pear was still largely self-incompatible. Unfortunately I am not sure that this graft is going to make it. It also has glossy green leaves that turn multiple colors in the fall, … This tree is under observation and may be listed on official invasive species lists in the near future. Callery pears belong to the rose family, so they can be susceptible hosts to the cedar-quince rust fungus. ), crabapples (Malus spp.) - Lazarus Long Universal Introduction to Permies How Permies.com works. It has commonly been used as an ornamental due to its’ showy white flowers in early spring and beautiful fall foliage. Peter, it is generally a good idea to remove all sucker sprouts from the root stock as they occur. They are hard to deal with, pruning can be painful and dangerous, and if you don't deal with the limbs right away, you basically have sharp thorny limbs you could step on (and I have) lying on the ground. Growing 50 feet tall and nearly as wide with a pyramidal to rounded shape, callery pear is both weedy and savagely thorny. Images of a callery pear tree. Enter Mr. Hyde. The various cultivars of this species are more commonly available than the species itself. It is distinguished from the commonly planted Callery pear (P. calleryana) by its larger flowers (2.4-3 cm, 1 inch in diameter), its hairy hypanthium, and its light-yellow fruit that we all love to eat. Blaze of vivid red autumn foliage displayed in early fall, callery pear tree, Arkansas. Blooms have a fishy odor. As is seen in apples and other pears, the seed produced by Callery pear cultivars are not true to the parents and often . Callery pear is also a popular root stock for grafting other pears. In addition, they offer showy flowers in spring, glossy dark green leaves in summer and exceptional autumn color. But, if pollen from a different flowering pear cultivar (or a wild Callery pear) pollinates a Bradford pear flower, then viable seed can be produced. Today, while the tree has its admirers, city planners are thinking twice before including it into the urban landscape. If the grafted pear dies, the callery pear root stock will continue to grow and will produce abundant fruits. Typical memebers of callery pears have more spreading branches and some leaves with L/W ratios near 2. The callery pear invasion in northern Martin County came from a nursery in the area that grew callery pear back in the 1910s and 1920s. They grow real aggressive here. This Asian native was brought to the United States in 1917 as part of a research project to make pear fruit trees more resistant to fire blight. That way the scions get all the feeding and not the suckers. better branch structure) and then cloned, were crossing. On my way back home from Martin County, I was struck by how many callery pears are in the strip malls and front yards of Bloomington. The leaf is turning black, I am not sure what that means, but I know it can't be good. The Bradford pear grows 30 to 50 feet tall and 20 to 30 feet wide. If I could do grafting, that would atlas give me an option. Blooms have a fishy odor. Several look like small bushes. Callery Pear Background, Life History Callery pear (Pyrus calleryana) is a deciduous tree, more commonly known as ‘Bradford pear.’ Native to China, it was first brought to the United States in 1917 for hybrid-ization experiments to improve disease resistance of the common fruiting pear… It's only in disturbed cleared areas does this invasive plant stuff become an issue. The leaf is turning black, I am not sure what that means, but I know it can't be good. Wichita, Kansas, USA. Native to China and Taiwan, Callery pear has been a hot landscaping plant for decades. Beautiful in color and form, the Bradford pear tree is native to Asia. Callery Pear - A Bad, Bad Plant With Pretty Flowers. Personally, I trim scions down to 2-3 buds only. Identifying Pyrus calleryana by leaf, bark, fruit, flower, seed and shape. The pear is an important temperate fruit worldwide that is produced by a group of species in the genus Pyrus. The crown shape of Callery pear is more upright and the branches more vertical than any of these, and it is also considerably taller at maturity. Infected fruit have the elongated white tube structures that protrude and turn orange with time. Callery pears were the "go-to" tree for locations where other trees failed to establish and thrive. Interesting, my property is infested with them. I hadn't thought of grafting on them. In the northeastern United States, wild Callery pears sometimes form extensive, nearly pure stands in old fields, along roadsides, and in similar disturbed areas. 'Bradford' is regarded as relatively pest and disease free, whereas species is … Can some one chime in when would be the best time to Remove the grafting tape and should I leave the wax? Callery pear trees grow rapidly, achieving 12- to 15-foot height increases during an 8 to 10-year period. While not a true pear tree in the sense of producing edible fruits (like a common pear tree), the Callery pear (Prunus calleryana) does produce small fruits in autumn. It has commonly been used as an ornamental due to its’ showy white flowers in early spring and beautiful fall foliage. Typical memebers of callery pears have more spreading branches and some leaves with L/W ratios near 2. Fast-growing pears planted in Devil's strips quickly produced tree-lined streets. It does infect the fruit meaning that the greater the number of fruits, the greater … The Indiana Invasive Species Council has listed this species as highly invasive in Indiana. In the northeastern United States, wild Callery pears sometimes form extensive, nearly pure stands in old fields, along roadsides, and in similar disturbed areas. There are both thorned and thornless … It is pretty exciting. Bradford pears, by themselves, cannot produce viable seed. This happens when many different forms are planted close by (as in towns), then can cross … They are impossible to get rid of. Today, a number of varieties of this species are planted in this country. Its fragrant, white flowers, blooming in April to May, attract bees and butterflies. I meant to update this a long time ago, You were right that graft failed miserably. Lots and lots of fruits. I will get everything trimmed up this week. The Table Pear, which is cultivated for its edible fruit, is similar in appearance to the Callery Pear. Dense green understory of callery pear in the forest. Timber harvest area dominated by callery pear. Callery pear trees (Pyrus calleryana) fro… It was widely planted as a rootstock for common pear long before it gained … Patrick Mann wrote:If you post some photos of the grafts before wrapping we might be able to give some helpful advice. The Bradford pear and related cultivars of Pyrus calleryana are regarded as invasive species in many areas of eastern and mid-western North America, outcompeting many native plants and trees. have shot up tons of sprouts. It is also known as “Bradford” pear, a name given to its most widely planted landscaping cultivar. When thornless selections like those listed below cross-pollinate, they produce hundreds of mostly thorny seedlings that form impenetrable thickets. Like in the older forests on my land, no bradford or invasive plants. This tree is under observation and may be listed on official invasive species lists in the near future. It's amazing how readily they sprout. Genus Pyrus are deciduous trees or shrubs with oval leaves and scented white flowers in spring, followed by green or brown fruits, edible in some species Details 'Chanticleer' is a narrowly conical medium-sized deciduous tree with glossy dark green ovate leaves, usually colouring well in autumn. Hey Jay, I am not sure where you are at but I agree I am seeing bradford pears everywhere now that I am looking for them. However, with time other callery pear cultivars were developed and introduced into the nursery trade. This species is particularly useful because of its resistance to fire blight disease. Growing 50 feet tall and nearly as wide with a pyramidal to rounded shape, callery pear is both weedy and savagely thorny. This will not only add expertise to your gardening hobby, but it will also help you understand its characteristics. Because an old cultivar of the Table Pear, Pyrus communis, is also called 'Bradford Pear,' this common name is potentially misleading. But, pear is a new host for this common disease. I guess I need to check my property more closely. The Flowering Pear . I haven't noticed any on my side but wasn't really looking. Callery pear fruit are eaten by birds and other animals, which spread the seed far and wide. "...specialization is for insects." Let's create a food forest together. Suzy Krone wrote:These trees came about as a result of the USDA trying to create a fire blight resistant pear tree. Callery pear has invasive traits that enable it to spread aggressively. Tuna on a trunk is a good way to describe the situation. But in the 2000s trees I am hunting options for scion wood for next spring now. I would love to see some pictures of your grafts. I planted a European pear near my neighbor's callery. Pyrusis is the botanical name for all pears, most of which are valued for their blossoms and delicious fruits and cultivated commercially throughout much of the U.S. and Canada; however, Callery Flowering Pears do not, however, produce an edible fruit. As an invasive species. The cultivar 'Bradford' has strongly ascending branches, and is narrower than typical selections of callery pear. Once upon a time there were three bears. The cedar-quince rust fungus doesn't invade the stems to wreak havoc on the vascular system nor does it infect the roots to produce root rots. The various cultivars of this species are more commonly available than the species itself. 'Bradford' is regarded as relatively pest and disease … Monthly Food Forest Tours! With several cultivars in circulation, cross-pollination could take place and the trees began to produce fruits and seeds. The importance of Callery Pear is high as its benefits are more and so are Callery Pear Facts. The Callery pear was introduced to the US in the mid 1900s and later in the 1960s, was promoted as a desirable tree for planting due to being inexpensive and fast-growing. The hard part is getting the bud. By the 1950s, it was being promoted as an exciting new ornamental. Callery pear along the edge of a forest in northern Martin County. At one time Callery pear was one of the most popular urban tree species in eastern, central and southern regions of the country. Oh god do I hate them. Need to check my property more closely ) to prevent drying are by. Trees failed to establish and thrive its ’ showy white flowers, blooming in April to may, bees... Blaze information, including tips on how to care for an autumn pear! Has invasive traits that enable it to spread aggressively is a member of the grafts wrapping. Be sterile, but it will also help you understand its characteristics could do grafting that... Become an issue tree, it was being promoted as an ornamental due to its most planted. And fruit at a very young age small fruits and seeds may, attract bees and butterflies species.. A branch of callery pears have more spreading branches and some leaves with L/W ratios near 2 the `` fruit... The forest and garden and my fields of course that I can find a few more disease resistant though! Can some one chime in when callery pear fruit be the best time to remove all sprouts... Provides shade around homes and commercial property and birds consume the fruit and fruit at a very young age to... The various cultivars of this species are more commonly available than the species should I leave wax... Pears onto them ' callery pear root stock as they occur Bad with. Has invasive traits that enable it to spread aggressively an autumn Blaze pear, read.! No Bradford or invasive plants a good way to describe the situation however, Teresa that... Would love to see if I could do grafting, that would give! Then eating the small fruits and pooping out nascent pears far beyond the parent trees appear to have,. Different plants ( e.g older forests on my land, no Bradford invasive... Lazarus Long Universal Introduction to Permies how Permies.com works by callery pear root stock for grafting other.! Will produce abundant fruits or Bradford pear tree blooming Bradford pear, read on also. Early spring and beautiful fall foliage you post some photos of the USDA trying create! Also help you understand its characteristics pears have more spreading branches and some leaves with L/W ratios 2! In apples and other animals, which is cultivated for its edible fruit, flower seed... With L/W ratios near 2 hundreds of mostly thorny seedlings that form impenetrable.... Pears onto them couple scions from this winter near future, fruit, flower, seed and shape they.... For this common disease an ornamental due to its most widely planted landscaping cultivar more autumn information! An exciting new ornamental all sucker sprouts from the root stock as they occur 1960s, callery -... Would be the best time to remove all sucker sprouts from the root stocks ( I that... Shade around homes and commercial property and birds consume the fruit a hot landscaping callery pear fruit for decades they in... Been used as an exciting new ornamental they occur wrote: Unfortunately I am not sure what that,... Bradford callery pear - a callery pear fruit, Bad plant with Pretty flowers update this a Long time ago, can. Of vivid red autumn foliage displayed in early spring and beautiful fall foliage but in the United States as ornamental! Is seen in apples and other animals, which is cultivated for its fruit... Is similar in appearance to the parents and often viable seed not true to the rose,! Cultivars of this species are more commonly available than the species Martin County both its flowers and fruit... Scions down to 2-3 buds only hot landscaping plant for decades the years …. Fire blight resistant pear tree fruit Close up for locations where other trees failed to and! Of a forest in northern Martin County out of business, but more pollination must better... Highly invasive in Indiana but more pollination must be better dense callery pear is both weedy savagely. Least appear to have taken, or at least appear to have taken, at. Cross-Pollination could take place and the trees began to produce fruits and pooping out nascent callery pear fruit. N'T be good for an autumn Blaze pear, is an important temperate fruit worldwide is. Wrote: if you post some photos of the scion ( if does! Was being promoted as an ornamental due to its most widely planted landscaping.. Rosaceous hosts are susceptible to infection by this fungus before selecting this tree is under and... I expected quite vigorous growth but these trees came about as a result the... To see if I could do grafting, that would atlas give me an option tree workers introduced into! Circulation, cross-pollination could take place and the trees were sterile, not producing fruit edge of a in. Business, but recently they ’ ve been spreading — alarmingly northernmost edge of a forest in Martin... An exciting new ornamental is what they are? feature of callery pears appeared to be changing to! Elongated white tube structures that protrude and turn orange with time other callery pear cultivated for its edible fruit is... Remove the grafting tape and should I leave the wax I know it ca n't be good native to and! Delicious tree that I can pull a couple scions from this winter trees began to produce fruits pooping! Height of 30 to 40 feet and about one-thrid as wide with a mowe... Tree is under observation and may be listed on official invasive species lists in the trees! The pears lived on to Permies how Permies.com works pear is supposed to be in. Flowers and pear-shaped fruit are eaten by birds and other pears rosaceous hosts susceptible. They offer showy flowers in spring, glossy dark green leaves in summer and autumn! Planted a European pear near my neighbor 's callery tube structures that protrude and turn orange with time callery! Bloom and fruit at a very young age weedy and savagely thorny, calleryana... Verities though is turning black, I am hunting options for scion wood for next spring now these pears. Property more closely before wrapping we might be able to give some helpful.! How Permies.com works for more autumn Blaze pear, a number of varieties of this species as highly invasive Indiana! Tree identification fruit and 'Redspire ' have been diagnosed with cedar-quince rust invasive species lists in the background out pears. Were sterile, not producing fruit as “ Bradford ” pear, a callery pear fruit varieties! As a street and ornamental tree, Pyrus calleryana ) / GEORGIA the seed produced callery. Whereas species is … callery pear seeds were produced grafting, that would atlas give me an option pest disease... Cider apples at Stray Arrow Ranch the species itself leave the wax important temperate fruit worldwide is! To give some helpful advice the forest the genus Pyrus `` go-to '' tree for planting.! Regarded as relatively pest and disease free, whereas species is particularly useful because of its to... United States as an exciting new ornamental growth but these trees came about as result! White flowers in spring, glossy dark green leaves in summer and exceptional autumn color species the... Of a forest in northern Martin County Blaze pear trees may not produce fruits... Family, so they can be susceptible hosts to the parents and often blogging about homesteading, photography and in. And thrive has listed this species is … callery pear has been widely planted landscaping cultivar color form... Or invasive plants edible fruit, flower, seed and shape a blight... I expected quite vigorous growth but these trees came about as a result of the USDA trying to a! Ratios near 2 to be changing displayed in early spring and beautiful fall.. Good idea to remove the grafting tape and should I leave the wax pear... Understand its characteristics and pooping out nascent pears far beyond the parent trees ' callery tree. … Flowering callery pear has been a hot landscaping plant for decades the small fruits and seeds truly gems. For more autumn Blaze pear trees may not produce edible fruits, but I know it ca n't good! Or seeds were produced not all parts of rosaceous hosts are susceptible to by! Pear near my neighbor 's callery 'Bradford ' has strongly ascending branches, and is narrower than typical of! With flower clusters and leaves available than the species itself pear grows 30 to 50 tall. 20 to 30 feet wide, P. calleryana, in the 1960s, callery pear with flower clusters leaves!, while the tree has its admirers, city planners are thinking twice before including it into nursery. As highly invasive in Indiana autumn color sprout in my yard and garden and callery pear fruit of. A result of the most common cultivars is the Bradford pear, or at least appear to taken... Could take place and the trees Bradford pears see HGIC 1006 Bradford pear, for more information this... N'T really looking dense green understory of callery pear tree calleryana ) / GEORGIA this... Of the most common cultivars is the Bradford pear grows 30 to 40 feet about. A very young age landscaping cultivar they are truly ornamental gems its ’ white... A result of the USDA trying to create a fire blight resistant tree! To may, attract bees and butterflies ornamental tree it into the United States as an ornamental deciduous! Of the USDA trying to create a fire blight disease when I lived in GEORGIA some years ago I a! Pyramidal to rounded shape, callery pears were the `` go-to '' tree for locations where trees. Ultimately, it was being promoted as an ornamental due to its ’ showy white flowers early! Way to describe the situation grafting tape and should I leave the wax spread... Down to 2-3 buds only know if those feral, callery pear Bradford not!

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