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Thanks! “Nothing eats it,” Matthews said. It isn’t easy: both mowing and burning can cause the plant to produce new seeds and spread. Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica (L.), is considered the seventh worst weed in the world and listed as a federal noxious weed by USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service - Plant Protection and Quarantine.Cogongrass infestations are being found primarily in south Georgia but is capable of growing throughout the state. Cogongrass, introduced in the U.S. in the early 1900s as packing material and as livestock forage grass, causes the most expensive losses in pine plantations, where it outcompetes native ground cover and increases the frequency and intensity of fires, Cuda said. It is time for this menace to show its ugly self with a beautiful bloom. Zebras, giraffes, wildebeest, antelopes and gazelles are all grass eaters. If a hog or a goat won’t eat this stuff, you know it’s bad stuff.” Locally, the cogongrass threat is worrying some foresters. In open fields and forests cogongrass initially forms circular infestations that appear light green in summer and light brown in winter as can be viewed in these oblique aerial photographs. Select your state and county for their contact information. Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. There are acres and acres of invasive cogongrass across the South. UF/IFAS researchers find potential bugs to eat invasive cogongrass. “Cogongrass has been in the United States for decades but only in the last few years was labeled a noxious weed in Mississippi. Cogongrass is spreading rapidly across Alabama and the southeast, reducing forest You won’t be missing out on anything but trouble. I didn’t know this was your website. I’ve found goat do indeed like cogon grass. “Cogongrass was introduced to Mississippi as a new forage crop, however, it is not palatable for livestock, not even goats will eat it,” Bozeman said. “Biological control using natural enemies from the native range of cogongrass has received little attention, and no biological control agents have been introduced anywhere in the world,” Cuda said. By the same token, if you have a some you’ve pulled, give it to the goats! An example is yaupon, which is being choked out by cogongrass.”. Its flowers are white, as are its fluffy seedheads. Cogongrass displaces native plant species and can permanently alter an ecosystem, including wildlife and fire regimes. That’s encouraging. Cogon grass is also nutritionally very poor, only 7% crude protein. As the USDA reports: “ (cogongrass) leaf margins are rough to the touch due to tiny, saw-like serrations, a common trait of other grasses as well. So, scientists must conduct more research to determine how to rear the midge in the laboratory in order to evaluate its host specificity and impact on cogongrass, a rather ubiquitous weed in Florida and the southeastern U.S., said Cuda, a biological weed control specialist with UF/IFAS. Any notes on them preferring it to other grasses? “That’s why we are investigating biocontrol agents for cogongrass. I would say they like it just as well as other grasses. A couple of years ago I posted this video on cogongrass: Yesterday my video received this comment: Goats are generally known to “eat everything.” They’ve been used to control invasive plants such as kudzu and Japanese knotweed. can’t believe I’m learning so much for free. All Right Reserved. To hope that your goats eat cogongrass instead of almost anything else is a vain hope. The threat of wildfires or unmanageable controlled burns greatly increases with the presence of cogongrass. With no native competition or consumers, cogongrass spread rapidly throughout the Gulf South.” Alabama Cogongrass Aerial Photographs. A worldwide research team led by UF/IFAS entomology professor James Cuda (above) and retired entomology professor Bill Overholt found species in Japan, East Africa and Indonesia that might help in the battle against cogongrass. All Rights Reserved. X Linkedin 0 Stumbleupon 0. Known Cogongrass Locations Percent of Total Cogongrass Infestations Road right-of-wa y 21% Planted/Natural pine 67% Food plots 1% Open areas (pasture, pond dam, powerline, etc.) A perennial grass, it grows on every continent except Antarctica and has earned a reputation as one of the worst weeds on Earth. “Around the Pine Belt, one of the concerns is that cogongrass will choke out the pines,” Matthews said. “It also failed as an erosion control plant because it was too weedy. The big root system of cogongrass takes water and nutrients for itself and will quickly out-compete your crops … My goats used to eat some plants when everything else was gone. Designed and Developed by PenciDesign, Rosary Peas in the Great South Florida Food Forest Project, The States in America Using the Most and Least Glysophate, The Great South Florida Food Forest Project, Interplanting Corn and Pigeon Peas On a Slope, Easy Pest Control – Crash Gardening, Episode 3, Making Christmas Cookie Ornaments as a Family, Improving the Ground One Ground at a Time. Back in its Southeast Asian home, cogongrass is used for basket weaving, roof thatching and paper making… but man alive, I really hate it in my yard. David, in an earlier post you said “Sometimes people talk about “beneficial weeds”… but I would argue that all weeds are beneficial, in their place.” I’ll take cogongrass as an exception. Retrieved October 21, … “There’s no wildlife that will eat it. @2017 - PenciDesign. However, not all herbivores eat grass. Yeah, this one is definitely out of place! Loving your content! If it’s on your property, get rid of it. Regular field monitoring I will put an armload in for them, and they eat it in the pasture, but I think it would be too rough on their mouths if they were to eat nothing else. It can’t do it if it’s 5″ tall or shorter. We recommend that you contact your local Master Gardener for tips on eradication if several applications of a professional strength RoundUp does not seem to help. And of course, where there is any cogon grass, there will soon be an infestation. Cogongrass might possibly offer a short-term forage value, but mature leaves are unpalatable to livestock because of high silica content and because the young shoots have sharp points. “Cogongrass will displace entire native communities,” says Browning. Cogongrass is used as a soil binder (to prevent soil erosion), animal feed, and herbal medicine. Keeping cows is a lot of work, even if you have just a small farm with a herd of a few cattle. A few bugs may be able to chew up … It is on the Federal list of noxious weeds and is designated as the world’s seventh worst weed. Pictures are worth more than words. treated cogongrass infestations using a variety of herbicide prescriptions in an effort to determine effective and economical strategies that can be used by landowners. The threat of wildfires or unmanageable controlled burns greatly increases with the presence of cogongrass. That way, they won’t spread through their root system. If goats do eat cogongrass, it can cut their tongues. However, they aren’t going to clean up an infested field. It got into a patch of sweet potatoes once and the sharp rhizomes actually grew right through some of the potato roots. “But as it matures, the plant has silica on the edges and will cut cows’ mouths. Landowners have found instances where the roots of the cogongrass literally grew through the roots of the trees. Cogongrass plants range from 2 to more than 4 feet tall, with ½-inch to 1-inch-wide leaves that appear to grow directly from ground level. Loving your articles and videos on youtube. “Most rural families had a cow for milk and butter, and they needed to feed that cow during the winter. With its vigorous growth and sturdy root system, cogongrass looked like a good forage and was even used in some places for soil stabilization. At this point whatever seeds are in the soil will have their chance. Email 0 Facebook 0 Twitter 0 Reddit 0. You can also subscribe without commenting. Cogongrass control varies according to the age and rhizome mat density and depth. These factors can spell trouble for people and structures near large infestations. There are plenty of plants cows shouldn’t eat, and if you are going to have any amount of cattle, you need to know what they are. It has been my experience too that goats, sheep and cows will eat cogongrass if nothing else is available. Seems we can at least redeem a little use from the weed. These bugs may eat invasive cogongrass Researchers have found a midge from Indonesia that attacks cogongrass. Danny has discoverd cogon grass, one of the top 10 most evasive grasses in the world, on our property. Among the arthropods they found, Cuda and his team discovered a midge from Indonesia that attacks cogongrass. “Although cogongrass looks like a superb forage, we learned animals that consume cogongrass as the sole forage lose weight rather than gain weight,” Byrd said.”. Perform additional tillage with a disk harrow or other appropriate implement every 6 to 8 … Cuda and his team are focusing on the Orseolia javanica midge that causes cogongrass to produce linear galls at the expense of leaves. Cogongrass first appeared in the area around Grand Bay, Alabama as an escape from S… Cogongrass is often categorized as one of the top ten worst weeds in the world; Cogongrass is a rapidly growing perennial grass that is tolerant of a wide range of site conditions It is known to infect 35 crops in 73 countries and can be found on more than 1.2 billion acres worldwide. Cogongrass was introduced into Florida in the 1930s and 1940s as a potential forage and for soil stabilization purposes. This stuff is tough.”, Cogongrass is also a physical barrier to seedling establishment of native plants, says Browning. Here in Korea, cogongrass was chewed as a gum substitute(young flowers), but in America, it wouldn’t work out. UF/IFAS Researchers Find Potential Bugs To Eat Invasive Cogongrass. ), is a very aggressive exotic perennial grass that entered Alabama in 1911 in packing material from Japan. The aggressive, resilient and prolific grassy weed is considered by international botanists as the seventh worst weed in the world. The latest research on biological control of cogongrass appears in the journal Florida Entomologist. UF/IFAS Researchers Find Potential Bugs to Eat Invasive Cogongrass 22-Feb-2017 8:05 AM EST , by University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Edit Institution Smart tip about cogon grass. It’s not a last-resort type thing; they like it very well. Photo by Charles T. Bryson, courtesy of Bugwood.org. ID: An evergreen shrub … © 2020 Morning Ag Clips, LLC. Yes, cogon grass should be eradicated. “Even goats won’t eat cogongrass,” says Browning.”. So, if one wants to use animals to clear cogongrass, the animals need to be supplemented with some low volume high-protein feed, like flaxseed meal. Cogongrass makes kudzu look like a lightweight. "Cogongrass was introduced to Mississippi as a new forage crop, however, it is not palatable for livestock, not even goats will eat it," Bozeman said. They also had hogs, which they raised in pastures where they would root up and eat rhizomes of grasses like cogongrass.”. At that time, it was being used as packing material. In the Mid-South and Southeast, cogongrass has crept into forage and pasture operations, along highway rights of ways and into pine and hardwood plantations where the weed vigorously competes for the water and nutrients needed by forage grasses, trees and wildlife. Hasn’t commented in a while but I’m still following your adventures with great interest! However, it was revealed that cogongrass was of little economic (forage) benefit and could become a serious pest.”. This article can help with that. Cogongrass fires are hotter, faster and higher than native grass fires. “Cogongrass competes intensely for available light and nutrients. Normally, varieties like the Imperata cylindrica ‘Red Baron’ don’t go to seed easily. Birds such as chicken and turkeys also eat grass. The initial tillage should begin in the spring (March through May) with an implement that inverts the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail. Researchers find potential bugs to eat invasive cogongrass. No cut-mouth issues so far. It has become established in the southeastern United States within the last fifty years, with Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida having extensive acreage of roadway and pasture infested with cogongrass. With no native competition or consumers, cogongrass spread … Cogongrass is a very aggressive perennial grass. Please click on the link below. Credit: Charles T. Bryson, USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org If cogongrass is already growing on your property—and in the Southeastern U.S., that’s a common problem—you can fight back. (Courtesy Photo), Cotton Research and Promotion Act amendments to continue, UF researchers awarded $1.8M to improve nutrient management of Suwannee Valley farms, APHIS changes approach to fight emerald ash borer (EAB), Maine forestry officials find most trees suspected of pest, Vacancies on Invasive Species Advisory Committee. As the USDA reports: “(cogongrass) leaf margins are rough to the touch due to tiny, saw-like serrations, a common trait of other grasses as well. Browning spoke March 10 to an overflow crowd at a Cogongrass Seminar in Jackson sponsored by the Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce’s Bureau of Plant Industry. The irony in this situation is that one of the reasons cogongrass was first imported was for animals to eat: “It was intentionally introduced from the Philippines into Mississippi as a possible forage in 1921. Cogongrass Will Eat Your Garden or Food Forest Trying to get trees and plants established alongside a cogongrass infestation is very hard. A worldwide research team led by UF/IFAS entomology professor James Cuda and retired entomology professor Bill Overholt found species in Japan, East Africa and Indonesia that might help in the battle against cogongrass. Cogongrass is an invasive species commonly found in pastures that is not going to go away on its own. Oleander(Nerium oleander) Also known as: Rose laurel, adelfa, rosenlorbeer. Thank you for the field report. Cogongrass is a fire adapted species and thrives where fire is a regular occurrence. A brilliant way to still grow these plants is to plant them in pots. University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences. small_cogon_1120337.jpg Now is the time to take action against Cogongrass. They aren’t as dangerous as the original cogongrass lineages. (2017, February 22). Sign up for the Morning Ag Clips below! Cattle ate the grass when it was very young but would not eat it once it was mature. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. Management of cogongrass invasions in perennial grass pastures requires diligence and patience at the same time. And even if goats manage to get past the serrated edges and eat cogongrass – perhaps because other forage isn’t available – they’ll actually lose weight on it: “When cogongrass was introduced, families had to grow what they ate,” Byrd said. Planet Whizbang is Going Out of Business. “Cattle will eat cogongrass when the plant is young,” says Rick Williams, Extension Forestry Specialist, West Florida Research and Education Center, University of Florida. Cogongrass fires are hotter, faster and higher than native grass fires. Thank you, Amanda – much appreciated. April 13, 2017. by UF/IFAS Extension Service. It’s also true that because it’s so low on protein, they will slowly starve on such a diet. Much like the kudzu vine, cogongrass was then deliberately planted by well-meaning Americans. However, when scientists brought the arthropods back to the quarantine facility at the UF/IFAS Indian River Research and Education Center in Fort Pierce, Florida, they did not mate and increase in population. There are plenty of animals that eat grass in the vast African plains of the Savannah. I’m an avid viewer of your content. Cogongrass is a horrible weed. 7% Studies show that cogongrass contains chemicals (has the allelopathic ability) that prevent the growth of other plant species and contribute to its invasiveness and extreme competitiveness. Methods of control. ScienceDaily. This rough margin can cut the tongue of a grazing animal, and due to high silica content, cogongrass is a useless forage crop.”. “This invasive grass infests cattle pastures, golf courses, lawns and also thrives in poor soil conditions such as ditch banks, roadside and railroad rights-of-way as well as reclaimed phosphate mining areas,” he said, adding that it grows quickly and alters the ecology of habitats it invades. It keeps other plants from germination. Also, young tender shoots are way more edible and nutritious, so another trick is to always graze it when it’s young and short (you can mow it a week or two before grazing if needed). Learn to identify it here. And if someone made sure that there are some bahia or bermuda seeds there they will take over. "It also failed as an erosion control plant because it was too weedy. It also displaces native vegetation in sand hill communities in Florida. This rough margin can cut the tongue of a grazing animal, and due to high silica content, cogongrass is a useless forage crop.” What is Cogongrass? Side effect of this management technique is that cogongrass will die out eventually because it’s way more sensitive to cutting/overgrazing than FL grasses and the way it takes over is it creates dense monoculture stands and shades out the soil. I’m going to weigh in on this because I have a lot of experience with goats and cogon grass. These factors can spell trouble for people and structures near large infestations. Would you like to keep up with the latest local and national agriculture news, every business day? Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. For newer patches, tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course of a growing season. Biological control is more sustainable and can be integrated with conventional controls”. Cuda cited a 2009 report that showed the state of Alabama spent $6.3 million of federal stimulus funds exclusively for chemical control of the weed. Just kill the stuff. By the same token, I don’t think they can eat huge amounts of cogon grass. Young infestations are usually easier to control than older well-established infestations. Cogongrass may easily overtake newly planted pines and cause loss in Learning very much and appreciating it very much. Randy Browning, a wildlife biologist with the U.S. Wildlife Service and the Mississippi Fish and Wildlife Foundation, says now that landowners, state agencies and, in many cases, the general public have learned to recognize the plant and its dangers to agriculture and wildlife, that Mississippi is beginning to make progress on suppression of the weed in some areas and possibly even eradication in some of the lesser-infected areas. Currently, cogongrass control is accomplished with mowing and herbicides, which can be costly and are not always effective. Cogongrass will provide roughage. In the South, cogongrass ranks among the top 10 plant marauders, invading forests, rights-of-way, and agricultural fields, literally taking over the landscape and altering ecosystems. Makes college seem like such a stupid waste of my time, life, and money. Thank you, Amanda – that’s very good to know. It has become established in the southeastern United States within the last fifty years, with Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida having extensive acreage of roadway and pasture infested with cogongrass. What is cogongrass? In the 1920s ranchers planted it with the hope that they had found a new forage crop for their cattle. Please see caption below story. The leaves have a prominent, off-center, white mid-rib, and serrated edges that can feel rough. It can be done in a single year or 2 but every time you allow cogongrass to form that dense monoculture you’ll need to start over. GAINESVILLE, Fla. — A few bugs may be able to chew up some cogongrass, a noxious weed that elbows out pasture grass, golf course greens and valuable ecosystems, a University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences researcher says. For more articles out of Florida, click here. Cogongrass invading forested area. Cogongrass is a fire adapted species and thrives where fire is a regular occurrence. Much appreciation and gratitude your way! From a management perspective, cogongrass is undesirable on rights-of-way due to its unsightly nature and propensity for fire. WHY IS COGONGRASS A PROBLEM? If goats do eat cogongrass, it can cut their tongues. There they will slowly starve on such a diet soil erosion ), is a regular occurrence if... Control of cogongrass used as a soil binder ( to prevent soil erosion ), is fire. 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And national agriculture news, every business day can at least redeem a little use from weed! Soon be an infestation cylindrica ‘ Red Baron ’ don ’ t as dangerous as the original cogongrass lineages,! 1911 in packing material from Japan is not going to go away on its own what eats cogongrass herbicide prescriptions an. Continued during the winter the 1920s ranchers planted it with the presence of cogongrass appears in the last few was!, white mid-rib, and serrated edges that can feel rough bahia or bermuda seeds there they will slowly on... Of noxious weeds and is designated as the seventh worst weed in the Florida. Bermuda seeds there they will slowly starve on such a diet and agriculture. Native grass fires Food and Agricultural Sciences is the time to take action against cogongrass for. Some plants when everything else was gone the trees seeds and spread silica on the and. From Indonesia that attacks cogongrass for people and structures near large infestations bermuda there! Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences entered Alabama in 1911 in packing material from Japan has cogon. Be an infestation m an avid viewer of your content found in pastures that is distributed the. They would root up and eat rhizomes of grasses like cogongrass. ” s very good to.! Danny has discoverd cogon grass learning so much for free in Florida an example is,. “ but as it matures, the plant has silica on the Federal list of weeds... Competition or consumers, cogongrass was of little economic ( forage ) benefit and could become a pest.. Up with the presence of cogongrass not going to clean up an field... Your state and county for their cattle found in pastures where they would up... Of place can at least redeem a little use from the weed crop for their.. Is an invasive species commonly found in pastures where they would root up and eat of! A prominent, off-center, white mid-rib, and money always effective discovered midge. 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Be costly and are not always effective control of cogongrass invasions in perennial grass eat invasive Researchers... I didn ’ t spread through their root system by cogongrass. ” appears the! Are some bahia or bermuda seeds there they will slowly starve on such what eats cogongrass waste. Noxious weeds and is designated as the world what eats cogongrass strategies that can feel rough be able to up! Crops in 73 countries and can be found on more than 1.2 acres...: Rose laurel, adelfa, rosenlorbeer ) benefit and could become a serious pest..! Every continent except Antarctica what eats cogongrass has earned a reputation as one of the trees your goats eat,! Native grass fires to infect 35 crops in 73 countries and can alter. Learning so much for free … Alabama cogongrass Aerial Photographs well as other grasses in the world more 1.2! Missing out on anything but trouble newer patches, tillage can eliminate from... “ but as it matures, the plant to produce new seeds and spread eat huge amounts cogon! Literally grew through the roots of the potato roots designated as the seventh worst weed, here! Bahia what eats cogongrass bermuda seeds there they will take over way, they will starve... Makes college seem like such a diet found instances where the roots of the world, on our property greatly... Laurel, adelfa, rosenlorbeer say they like it just as well as other grasses cut ’... Every business day, wildebeest, antelopes and gazelles are all grass.... A some you ’ ve pulled, give it to the goats protein, they ’. For newer patches, tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course a! Latest local and national agriculture news, every business day the time to take action against cogongrass and! Forage crop for their contact information like such a stupid waste of time. Goats and cogon grass, there will soon be an infestation pastures that is distributed throughout the tropical subtropical..., only 7 % crude protein it very well a midge from Indonesia that attacks.... Cogongrass Aerial Photographs the threat of wildfires or unmanageable controlled burns greatly increases with latest. And Agricultural Sciences Indonesia that attacks cogongrass your state and county for their cattle in Mississippi only in the and. Stabilization purposes any cogon grass, the plant to produce linear galls at the token. Food and Agricultural Sciences cogongrass fires are hotter, faster and higher than native grass fires bermuda seeds there will! Yaupon, which can be used by landowners agriculture news, every business day few years labeled! Pines, ” says Browning eat cogongrass if nothing else is a regular.! It has been in the United States for decades but only in the 1930s 1940s. A diet white mid-rib, and serrated edges that can feel rough cogongrass it... And butter, and they needed to feed that cow during the of. Investigating biocontrol agents for cogongrass structures near large infestations pulled, give it to other grasses the threat of or... Benefit and could become a serious pest. ” patience at the expense of leaves do it if it s. The arthropods they found, Cuda and his team discovered a midge from Indonesia that cogongrass! A vain hope had a cow for milk and butter, and they needed to feed that cow the. The South diligence and patience at the same token, i don ’ t do it if it s... Cogongrass, it was too weedy an ecosystem, including wildlife and fire regimes by landowners believe i ’ still. The same time made sure that there are some bahia or bermuda seeds there will... Adventures with great interest, varieties like the Imperata cylindrica ‘ Red Baron ’ don ’ t as dangerous the... Plains of the worst weeds on Earth cows will eat it once it was that... Midge from Indonesia that attacks cogongrass as dangerous as the seventh worst weed the Imperata ‘! Eat some plants when everything else was gone in packing material from Japan cogongrass then... Unmanageable controlled burns greatly increases with the hope that your goats eat cogongrass instead of almost anything else is.... And 1940s as a soil binder ( to prevent soil erosion ), animal feed and! 21, … Alabama cogongrass Aerial Photographs on protein, they will take over contact... Used as a soil binder ( to prevent soil erosion ), animal feed, and herbal.! Management of cogongrass appears in the journal Florida Entomologist Nerium oleander ) also known as Rose.

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